I.Choose the correct answer:

1. The number ofofficial language in India is ___________.

a) 15                b) 18                c) 22

Ans : c) 22

2. The nationallanguage of India is _________.

a) English         b) Tamil           c) Hindi

Ans : c) Hindi

3. In India, thestates are divided on the basis of ___________.

a) language      b) literature      c) heritage

Ans : a) language

4. The nationalintegration Day is observed on __________.

a) 14thNov      b) 19th Nov      c) 1st Nov

Ans : b) 19thNov

5. Who among thefollowing settled in India during the early days.

a) The Greeks b) The Aryans c)The persions

Ans : b) The Aryans

6. Jains celebrate_____________.

a) Mahavir Jayanthi    b) Krishna Jayanthi      c) Bakrid

Ans : MahavirJayanthi

7. Valmiki wrote________________ in sanskrit

a) Mahabharata                        b) Shakunthala                         c) Ramayana

Ans : C) Ramayana

8. In India almostabout __________ languages are spoken

a) 645              b) 745              c) 845

Ans : c) 845

9. Arunachaleswaratemple is at

a) Madurai       b) Thiruvannamalai     c) Tanjore

Ans : b)Thiruvannamalai

II.Fill in the blanks:

1. India is alsoknown as ____________.

Ans : Bharat.

2. Cave Temples areat _____________.

Ans : Mamallapuram.

3. Social structureof India is based upon ___________.

Ans : Caste.

4. The Buddhishcelebrate _____________.

Ans ; Buddhapoornima.

5. ___________ hasbeen declared as an official link language.

Ans : English

6. India is atreasure house of _______________.

Ans : literature

7. Painting at___________ and ____________ ae world famous.

Ans : Ajantha andElora

8. All Indianscelebrate the ____________

Ans : New year day

9. The ____________and ____________ of music originated in India.

Ans : Carnaticstyle, Hindustani Style

III.Match the following:

1. Kalidasa  (a) The Holy Book
2. The Bible  (b) Jain Temple
3. Mount Abu  (c) Amritsar
4. Golden Temple  (d) Megadoothan

Ans : 1-(d) 2-(a)3-(b) 4-(c)

1. Kalidasa  a) Kanchipuram
2. Kuchipudi  b) Christians
3. Vaikunta Perumal  c) Dance
4. Cathedral  d) Shakunthala
5. Easter  e) Santhome

Ans : 1 – D, 2 – C,3 – A, 4 – E, 5 – B

VI.Answer the following questions briefly:

1.Define culture?

(i) Culture is aproduct of corporate civil society.

(ii) Culture mayalso be defined as the activities of man individually and in Society.

2.Mention Some of the festivals of the Hindus?

Deepavali, RamaNavami, Krishna Jayanthi, Durga Pooja and Makara Sankaranthi (Pongal) are someof the festival of Hindus.

3.Name some temples in South India.

i) In South India,meenakshi temple at madurai, the Brihadeeswara the Kailasanathar temple andVaikunta perumal temple at Kanchipuram are famous temple.

ii) TheArunachaleswara temple at Thiruvannamalai, Temple at vellore and Chidambaram,the cathedral at santhom are also famous ones.

4.Point out the factors affecting national integration.

i) Communication

ii) Linguism

iii) Casteism

iv) Economicdisparity


1.Detail is a land of “Unity in Diversity” explain.


i) In India almostabout 845 languages are spoken now of these 22 are constitutionally recognizedlanguages.

ii) Hindi has beenchosen as the National language.

iii) English hasbeen declared as an official link language.


i) India is atreasure house of literature.

ii) The Vedas,Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the Bhagavad Gita, the Bible, Quran, Thirukkural arefamiliar with all Indians.

iii) In Tamil, theeight Anthalogies, the Ten Idylls, Eighteen Didactis (18), Aimperum

kappiyangal, thePeriyapuranam nalavenba, Kalingathuparani, Thevaram and

naalayira DivyaPrabandam describe historical events and also enrich the language.


i) Hindu festivalslike Deepavali, Krishna jayanthi, Durga pooja (Navarathiri) Pongal etc.,

ii) Muslimcelebrate Bakrid and Ramzan.

iii) Christianscelebrate easter and Christmas.

Customs, Habits and Heritage

i) The Indianheritage advocates hospitality, Charity, brotherhood, love, dharma, tolerance,peace, Spiritual feelings and respect for elders.

ii) All the goodhabits help the Indians to line in Unity.

Food and Dress

i) In South Indiapeople eat rice, where as in North India people prefer wheat and dhal.

ii) The climaticcondition of India differ from place to place.

Music and Dance

i) The Carnaticstyle and Hindustani style of music originated India.

ii) Bharathanatyam,Kuchipudi, kathak, Manipuri and oddissi are some of the famous dances in India.

Unity in Diversity

i) The Indianpeople are different in their food habits, dress, caste, creed, religion andlanguage.

ii) They also lineunder different environment.

iii) Inspite of allthese differences they are called by one name as “Indians”.

2.Explain the factors that load to National Integration.

i) In spite of manydiversities we are called Indians.

ii) Everyone feelsthat he / she is an Indian first, it promotes our National Integration.

There are otherfactors, which promote our National Integration.

They are

i) India’sgeographical feature and its defence, cultural heritage and cultural unity andreligions tolerance promote National Integration.

ii) Our Nationalsymbols, National Flag and National Anthem the principles of

Democracy,Sovereignty, Secularism and Socialism promote National Integration.

iii) The observanceof National Integration Day on 19th November every year strengthensthe idea of national Integration.

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