I.Choose the correct answer:-

1. Nationaleducation policy was introduced in _______________.

a) 1968            b) 1986            c) 1996

Ans : a) 1968

2. The first Fiveyear plan was ____________ oriented

a) Industry       b) Technology   c)Agriculture

Ans : c)Agriculture

3. World LiteraryDay is celebrated on ____________.

a) 8thSeptember b) 2nd October  c)15th July

Ans : a) 8thSeptember

4. ____________ wasabolished by the Act of 1829.

a) Infanticide   b) Child marriage   c) Sati

Ans : c) Sati

5. The NationalLiterary Mission game importance to ___________.

a) Primaryeducation b) Adult education c)Vocational Education

Ans : a) PrimaryEducation

6. The child Labourpolicy was formulated in the year ___________.

a) 1951            b) 1987            c) 1995

Ans : b) 1987

7. The Indiasupports ___________ percent of the world population

a) 10.48           b) 26.13           c) 16.84

Ans : c) 16.84

II.Fill in the blanks:

1. Universityeducation commission stressed the use ____________ as the medium of

Ans : instruction.

Ans : Mothertongue.

2. _____________declared the year 1990 as the international Literacy year.

Ans : UNO

3. The Child LabourAct 1986 bans the employment of a child in ___________ and


Ans : Factories,mines

4. Widow RemarriageAct was enacted in _____________.

Ans : 1856

III.Match the following:

1. Sarada Act  a) 1992
2. Equal Remuneration  b) 1976
3. Black board operation  c) Mrs. Indira Gandhi
4. 20 Point programme  d) 1930

Ans : 1 – D, 2 – B,3 – A, 4 – C.

1. M.L.L  a) 1951
2. Dowry prohibition Act  b) 1961
3. Plantation Labour Act  c) 1991
4. Abolition of bonded labour  d) 1990
5. International Literary year  e) 1976

Ans : 1 – C, 2 – B,3 – A, 4 – C, 5 – D

VI.Answer the following questions:

1.What is Illiteracy?

i) Illiteracy meansthe inability to read and write.

ii) Illiteracyleads to ignorance

iii) Illiteracy isa hurdle in the progress and prosperity of a nation.

2.Mention some of the measures taken by the Government to improve the status ofthe women.

i) Practice of Satiwas abolished by the Act of 1829.

ii) The widowRe-marriage Act was passed in 1856.

iii) Child marriagewas banned by the Sarada Act in 1929 thanks to the efforts of Dr. MuthulakshmiReddy.

iv) The Hindusuccession Act of 1956, provides the daughters equal rights to share theproperty of the parents.

v) The Dowryprohibition Act was passed in 1961. It declared demanding dowry is punishable.

3.Define “Poverty”

i) Poverty has beendefined in a number of ways. The world Bank (1990) has defined

poverty as “theunability to attain a minimal standard of loving”.

ii) Poverty is asocial problem in which a section of the society is un able to fulfill

their basic needslike, food, clothing and shelter.

4.What are he measures undertaking by own Government to solve the Problem of


i) In 1980 theNational Rural employment programme (NREP) was introduced.

ii) It generatedmore jobs to the people.

V. Detail:

1. Explain the Social problem that ourcountry has been facing, since independence.

Illiteracy, Child labour and injustice towomen are the important social problems that our country is facing.


i) Illiteracy means the inability to read andwrite.

ii) Illiteracy leads to ignorance.

iii) It leads to Socio economic developmentof a country.

Child Labour:

i) In India Child labour is a social problem.

ii) Labourers below the age of 14 are calledchild labourers.

iii) Child labour is the result of Poverty,malnutrition and illiteracy.

Injustice against women:

i) Women are not treated equally on par withmen in our society.

ii) Male chaurinism, Practice of Sati, widowwhood, female infancticide, dowry

system and denial of education are some ofthe injustices to women.

2. What are the causes for populationexplosion? Explain the steps taken by the government to overcome it.

Causes for population

i) High birth rate and low death rate.

ii) Low death rate of due to advancement ofmedical science and technology.

iii) Epidemic diseases have been eradicated.

iv) The infant mortality rate has decline.

v) Desire to have a male child.

Steps taken to control population growth:

i) Family planning

ii) Increase in female literacy rate andeducation.

iii) Legal steps to check early marriages andpolygamy etc.,

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