I. Choosethe correct answer:

1. The Unification of the country wasbrought by the British. Imperialism

2. The language of the educatedIndians was English

3. The religious and social reformersprepared the ground for the rise of Nationalism

4. The policies of the moderates weredescribed by the Extremists as Political mendicancy

5. Open split in the Congress occurredin the sessions held at Surat

6. The Minto – Morley reformsintroduced Separate electorate for the Muslims

7. Home Rule League in Bombay wasformed by Tilak

II. Matchthe following:

1. Iswar Chandra Vidhya Sagar  Religious and Social Reformer
2. Subramania Bharathi  Patriotic writer
3. Swadeshi  Of one’s own country
4. New India  Mrs. Annie Besant
5. Kesari  Bala Gangadhar Tilak

III.Answer the following:

1. How Indian press and literature didpaved the way for the rise of national movement?

  • Newspaperslike the Indian mirror, Bombay Samachar, the Amrit Bazaar Patrika, the Hindu,the Kesari, and Maratha echoed the public opinion.
  • Thewritings of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Rabindranath Tagore, Subramania Bharathipatriotic writers brought national awakening among the Indians.
  • VernacularPress act of 1878, curbed the freedom of the press. It led to agitation andunrest among the people.

2. What were the aims of IndiansNational Congress?

The aimsof Indians National Congress

  • Morefacilities for the spread of Education
  • Freedom ofpress,
  • Holding ofIndian Civil Service (I.C.S) examination in India,
  • IndianCouncil at London should be abolished.

3. Name some of the important moderateleaders.

The important moderate leaders areSurendranathBanarjee, Dadabai Naoroji, Pheroze Sha Mehta, Gopala Krishna Gokhale, andM.G.Ranade were some of the important moderate leaders.

4. Write a note on the formation ofthe Muslim League.

Theformation of the Muslim League

Activities of the Indian NationalCongress created fear in the minds of the Muslims.

In 1906 the all India Muslim Leaguewas formed under the leadership of Salimullah Khan.

The aim of the Muslim League was toprotect the rights of the Muslims and to make a demand for a separateelectorate.

5. Mention the importance of LucknowSession of the Indian National Congress in 1916.


The moderates and the extremistsjoined together.

The Congress and the Muslimco-operated with each other in order to achieve self-government.

It was at this session JawaharlalNehru met Gandhiji for the first time.

IV. Answerall the questions given under each Caption:


[a] Howdid the National leaders inspire the people?

They inspired the people with theideas of self-respect and self-confidence. They encouraged people to fightagainst the foreign rule.

[b] Whenwas the Vernacular Press Act passed?

In 1878.

[c] Whatwas the policy of the British?

“Divide and Rule”.

[d] Howdid the British consider the Indians?

As an inferior and uncivilized.


[a] Whenwas the Indian National Congress founded?

In 1885.

[b] Onwhose advice was it founded?

Allan Octavian Hume, a retired Britishcivil servant.

[c] Wherewas the first session of the congress held? Who was the chair person?

Bombay, W.C. Bannerjee.

[d] Namesome of the leaders who attended the first session of the Congress.

DadabaiNaroji, Surendranath Banerjee,Madan Mohan Malavya, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Gopala Krishna Gokale, Pheroze ShahMetha, G. Subramaniya Iyer.


[a] Namethe extremists leaders.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin ChandraPal, Lala Lajpat Rai and Arabind Ghose.

[b] Whatdid Tilak declare?

“Swaraj is my Brith Right and I shallhave it”.

[c] Namethe festivals revived by Tilak.

Ganapthi & Shivaji.

[d] Whatwas the desire of the militant nationalists?

The Militant nationalists desired tochange not only the aim of the congress but also the means to attain it.


[a] Whowere the prominent leaders arrested?

Two prominent leaders of Punjab Dr.Satyapal and Dr. SaifuddinKitchlew were arrested on April 13, 1919.

[b] Wheredid the people gather?

More than 10, 000 people gathered inJalianWalaBagh at Amitsar to protest peacefully against the arrest of theirleaders.

[c] Whowas the British Military commander of Amritsar?

General Dyer.

[d] Whatdid Rabindranath Tagore do?

Rabindranth Tagore renounced hisknighthood in protest against this incident.

V. Answerthe following in a paragraph:

1. Write any five factors thatpromoted the rise of National Movement.

Factorsleading to the rise of nationalist movement


The British imperialism made thepeople of the whole of India think as one nation.

Contactwith the European countries:-

  • India cameinto close contact with various European countries.
  • Indianscame into contact with the ideas and culture of western countries.
  • Indianswere motivated by the unification of Germany and Italy.

Modernmethods of Transport and Communication:-

It greatly helped the Indian leadersto carry on their ideas to every nook and corner of the country. Gave amomentum of the nationalist movement in the country.

The GreatLeaders of India

  • The GreatScholars, Raja Rammohan Roy, Vivekananda, Tilak, Nehru, Gandhi inspired thepeople with the ideas of self-respect and self confidence encouraged people tofight against foreign rule.
  • Newspaperslike the Indian mirror, Bombay Samachar, the Amrit Bazaar Patrika, the Hindu,the Kesari and Maratha echoed the public opinion.
  • Thewritings of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Rabindranath Tagore, SubramaniaBharathi patrioticwriters brought national awakening among the Indians.
  • VernacularPress Act of 1878, curbed the freedom of the press. It led to agitation andunrest among the people.

3. Write a paragraph on Partition ofBengal.

Partitionof Bengal-1905

  • In 1905 LordCurzon made the Partition of Bengal. He divided Bengal into two parts- EastBengal and Assam on one side West Bengal and Bihar on the other side.
  • LordCurzon made a statement that the partition was purely on administrativegrounds.
  • Indiansthought that it was to break the unity of the people
  • Theycalled it as an introduction of the policy of “Divide and Rule”.
  • Partitionwas revoked in 1911.
  • It pavedthe way for the birth of the Swadeshi Movement, means of “One’s own country”.
  • Itencouraged the progress of Indian industries and boycott of foreign goods.
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