1. Tamilnadu newsprintpaper limited (TNPL) is public sector industry in Tamilnadu.

2.The by-product Bagasseis used as a raw material for paper industry.

3.SPIC is thelargest producer of fertilizers in India.

4.Cottage industry isone where in very little investment is involved.

5.Kancheepuram silkin its quality and is known for its traditional value all over the world.


1. Chennai  Detroit of southern asia
2. Sivakasi  Little Japan
3. Perambur  Integral coach factory
4 .Karur  Textile capital of Tamilnadu
5. Coimbatore  The Manchester of south India


1. How are industries classified?

Industries are classifiedon the basis of

a) Raw materials

b) Ownership

c) Capital involved and

d) Product

2. What are the factors determining the location of industries inTamil Nadu?

  1. Rawmaterials
  2. Energy
  3. Capital
  4. Labour
  5. Transportand
  6. Market

3. Name the products and by-products of sugar industry?

Jaggery, kandasari andsugar are the products from the sugar industry.

4. List down the raw materials for paper industry?

The by-product bagasse isused as a raw material for paper industry.

5. What do you mean by consumer goods?

Consumer goods are thosegoods, which reach the consumers straight from the production unit. Allperishable goods like food products and dairy products are examples of consumergoods.

6. Write a short note on Cottage Industry?

Cottage Industry is onewherein very little investment is involved. Locally available raw materials areused to produce the handicrafts. Volume of production and cost of productionare low.

7. Give reasons for the widespread distribution of textileindustry in Tamil Nadu.

Tropical Climate,availability of raw materials, demand for cotton in market, power supply fromnumerous power projects and abundant cheap labour are the reasons for thewidespread distribution of textile industry in Tamil Nadu.

8. Distinguish between factory and industry.


Single manufacturing unitis termed as factory.


Multiple units of samekind which are spread over a large area are termed as industry.

9. Distinguish between agro based industry and mineral basedindustry.


Industry usingagricultural products for manufacturing is termed as agro based industry.


Industry using mineral forproducing is called mineral based industry.

10.Distinguish between vegetable tanning and mineral tanning.


If tanning is done byvegetative matter is known as vegetable tanning process.


If the tanning is donewith chemicals like chromium and fatty matter, it is known as mineral tanningprocess.


1. Describe the classification of industry based on ownership.

Private industry is onewhich owned by individual or a group of people. Ex: TVS Motors.

All government ownedindustry come under the public sector


Co-operative sector is onewhich owned by a group of cooperative members who supply the raw materials forthat industries and factories in Tamil Nadu.

When an industry isfunctioning under the partnership of two organizations it is said to be JointSector.

2. Give an account for the distribution of textile industry inTamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu contributesnearly 25% of India’s share in the export of cotton and fabrics.

Tropical climate,availability of raw materials, demand of cotton in market, power supply fromnumerous power projects and abundance cheap laborers are favorable factors ofwidespread distribution of textile industry in Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore,pollachi, Thiruppur, Karamadai, Erode etc. are the important centres fortextile industry.

Maximum units areconcentrated in and around Coimbatore region. For this reason it is known asManchester of south India.

3. Write about the paper industry in Tamil Nadu.

Coimbatore, Vellore,Kanchipuram, Pugalur etc. are centers of paper industry in Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu Newsprint andPaper Limited(TNPL) was set up with aid of World Bank in 1979 in Kakithapuramnear Pugalur in Karur district. It is largest producers of bagasse based paperin the world with the annual consumption of bagasse to one million tonnes perannum.

It produce paperNewsprint, papers for telephone directory, computers, offset printing papersare also produced by TNPL.

4. Give an account of sugar industry in Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu produces about10% of total sugar in India.

Suitable climate and soilfor high yielding varieties continuous irrigation facilities goods transportmarketing facilities and regularized and co-operative sector are favorablefactors of widespread sugar mills in the state.

A majority of distributionof sugar units in Tamil Nadu functioning under the co-operative sector.

At present Tamil Nadu has 42 sugar mills, out of which 16 are under the co-operative sectors, three owned by public sector, 23 are private mills.

Jaggery, kandasari andsugar the products from the sugar industry.

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