Role of Tamil Nadu in the Freedom Movement

I. Choosethe correct answer:

1. Indian soldiers were instigated bythe sons of Tipu Sultan

2. The first organization in theMadras Presidency to agitate for the rights of people was the Madras NativeAssociation

3. The first President of the MadrasMahajana Sabha was P. Rangiah Naidu

4. At Vedaranyam the Salt law wasbroken by Rajagopalachari

5. In 1908 Bharathiar organized a hugepublic meeting to celebrate Swaraj Day

6. Faced with the prospectus of arrestby the British, Bharathi escaped to Pondicherry

7. The Headquarters of the Tamil NaduCongress Committee is named as Sathyamurthi Bhavan

8. In 1940, Kamaraj went to Wardha tomeet Gandhiji

9. Kamaraj served as the ChiefMinister of Tamil Nadu for 9 years

10. Kamaraj was famous for policy “K”plan

II. Matchthe following:

1. Swadeshi Exhibition  Madras Mahajana Sabha
2. Chanakya  Rajaji
3. King maker  Kamaraj
4. Sathyamurthi  Poondi Reservoir
5. FatehHyder  Vellore Mutiny

III.Answer the following brief:

1. Write a brief note on VelloreMutiny


  • TheBritish administration prohibited the Hindu soldiers from smearing religiousmarks and Muslims to shave their beard moustache.
  • Thiscreated a strong resentment among the soldiers and to revolt against theBritish.
  • It was onJuly 9, 1806 one of Tipu Sultan’s daughter wedding in Vellore. The soldierssurrounded the fort and killed most the Europeans and unfurled the flag of Tipuover the fort.
  • TheBritish crushed the revolt.

2. What do you know about ThiruppurKumaran?


  • TiruppurKumaran(1904-1932) was born in Cheenimalai, Erode District in Tamil Nadu.
  • Heparticipated in the march against the ban of the national flag.
  • He diedfrom a police assault.
  • Kumarandied holding the flag of the Indian Nationalists.
  • Famouslyknown as kodikathakumaran

3. Write a note about Subramania Siva.


  • SubramaniaSiva was born in Vathalagundu in Dindugul district.
  • He wasfreedom fighter and a creative writer.
  • He wasarrested many times between 1908 and 1922.
  • He wasaffected by leprosy.
  • BritishGovernment enacted a law stating that leprosy patient should not travel byrail.
  • SubramaniaSiva travelled the whole length of Madras province on foot covered with sores.
  • He died ofthe disease on 23rd July 1925.

4. Give an account on Vanchinathan’srole in the struggle for freedom.

Vanchinathan’srole in the struggle for freedom

  • Vanchinathanwas under the service of the State of Travancore. The activities of theextremists greatly alarmed the British.
  • Thecollector Ashe, shot down and killed four persons in Thirunelveli.
  • He wantedto take revenge against the Collector.
  • Hesecretly went to Maniyachi Railway Station and shot dead Ashe on 17th June1911, and he himself committed suicide.

5. Name the papers edited bySubramaniya Bharathiar in 1907.

The papersedited by Subramaniya Bharathiar in 1907

The Tamil weekly “India”.

The English newspaper “BalaBharatham”.

6. Mention some of the poems ofSubramania Bharathiar.

The poemsof Subramania Bharathiar

“Vande Matharam”


“Jaya Bharatham”.

7. What was Sathyamurthi’s Service asa Mayor

Sathyamurthi’sService as a Mayor

  • WhenSathyamurthi became, the Mayor of Madras in 1939, the city was in the grip ofan acute water scarcity and it was left to him impress upon the BritishGovernor for building Reservoir in Poondi about 50kms west of the city.
  • Kamarajnamed it as Satyamurthi Sahar.
  • Congresshead office named as Sathyamoorthy Bavan

8. Write a note on the welfaremeasures taken by Kamaraj.

Kamaraj introduced various welfaremeasures like

  • Opening ofnew schools,
  • Freeeducation
  • Mid-daymeals scheme,
  • Constructionof dams and canals to improve agriculture and
  • Launchingof new industries in Tamil Nadu.

9. why was Kamaraj called as ”KingMaker”?

  • He playeda significant role in the National Politics also.
  • He wascalled as “King Maker”, as he made Lal Bahadur Sashtri as the Prime Minister ofIndia in 1964 and Mrs. Indira Gandhi in 1966 after the death of Sastri.
  • Kamarajwas famous for his policy known as “K” Plan.

IV. Answerall the questions given under each caption:


[a] Whenand where was he born?

December 10th 1878 at Thovarappalli.

[b] Whydid he resign his Chief Ministership in 1939?

He resigned his Chief Ministership in1939 in protest against the use of Indian men and materials in the Second WorldWar by the British Government without their concern.

[c] Whatdid he introduce during his second term?

Kula KalviThittam.

[d] Whywas he often referred as “Chanakya”?

For his diplomatic skills.


[a] Howdid he enter into politics?

Taking part in VaikamSathyagraha in1924.

[b] Wherewas he kept in prison in 1930?

Alipore Jail.

[c] Wheredid he hoist the Indian National flag in 1947?

He hoisted the Indian National flag inSathyamoorthy”s house in 1947.

[d] Whendid he die?

He died on October 2nd 1975.

V. Answerthe following in a paragraph:

1. Explain the contribution of MadrasMahajana Sabha.

MadrasMahajan Sabha

  • The firstorganization was the Madras Native Association. It was established by Harley,Lakshminarasu Chety and Srinivasa Pillai in 1852.
  • It mergedwith the Madras Mahajana Sabaha established by S. Ramaswami Mudhaliar, P.Anandacharlu and R. Rangaiya Naidu.
  • D.Rangaiah Naidu was elected first President of the Sabha.
  • MadrasMahajana Sabha paved the way for our national freedom.
  • The sabahavoiced out the fundamental rights of our countrymen.
  • The Sabhaorganized the Salt Satyagraha movement on April 22nd in Madras at beach, fort,splanade etc.
  • Themembers were attacked as the Sabha insisted on a legal enquiry under theleadership of Justice.

T. R. Ramachandra Iyer. 

  • Athree-man commission enquired thirty people and submitted its report to thegovernment.
  • MahajanaSabha conducted exhibitions to instigate the patriotic feelings in the heartsour countrymen as Khadi Exhibition and Swadeshi Exhibition.
  • MahatmaGandhiji had delivered a speech in the meeting of Mahajana Sabha on October24th 1896 at golden jubilee.

2. Bharathiar is a freedom fighter –prove.


  • SubramaniyaBharathi was born on December 11, 1882 at Ettayapuram in Tirunelveli District.He worked as Tamil Teacher in 1904 at Madurai.
  • He becamethe assistant editor of the Swadeshimitran
  • He publishedTamil weekly “India” and The English newspaper “BalaBharatham”.
  • In 1908,he organized a “Swaraj Day”.
  • His poems “Vandematharam”,“Enthaiyumthayum”, “Jaya Bharatham”.
  • In 1908,he gave evidence in the case of “KappalotiyaThamizhan”, against British.
  • Bharathiescaped to Pondicherry under the French rule, and was arrested and releasedafter three weeks in custody in November 1918.
  • Those werethe years of hardship and poverty. Again he joined as the chief editor in theswadeshi mithran
  • He passedaway on September 11, 1921.
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