I.Choose the correct answer:

1. The Bhakthimovement spread during the ————

Medieval period in India.

2. Shankaracharyawas born at ———–


3. Gurunanak wasthe founder of ————-


4. Sufismoriginated in ————-


II.Fill in the blanks:

1. Sankaracharyspreached Advaita philosophy.

2. Ramanuja, anexponent of the Bhakthi movement was born at Sriperumbadur near Chennai.

3. Basava was the founder of virasaivism.

4. Gnanadeva wrotea commentary on Bhagavat Gita called Gnaneshwani.

5. Kandhuri wasfestival is celebrated at Nagore Dargah.

IIIMatch the following:

1. Nayanmars —-saivites

2. Manikavasagar—– Thiruvasagam

3. Alwars —–Vaishnavites

4. Mirabai —–Devotee of Krishna

5. Chokamela —-Dalit writer

IV.Answer the following:

1. What were themain objectives of the Bhakthi movements?

The main objectivesof Bhakthi movement were reform the Hindu Religion and foster friendly

relations betweenthe friendly relations between the Hindu and Muslim community.

2.What was the impact of the bhakthi cult in South India?

Saivism andvaishnavism revived and gained reat impetus through the Bhakthi cult during the

Pallava, chola andPandya period by the Nayanmars and the Alwars.

3.Write a short note on Kabir.

Kabir a follower ofRamananda was the first to preach Hindu-Muslim unity.

His followers arecalled kapirparthis.

His teachings havebeen called Bijaka.

4.Name the Marata saints of the Bhakthi movement?

The Maratha regionproduced a number of Bhakthi saints namely

v GnanaDeva,

v NamDeva,

v Sbnath,

v Tukaram,

v Tulsidasand

v Ramdas.

5.What did the Sufists insists?

Sufism instisted thatGod could be reached only through meditation, love and devotion.

They opposedrituals and were tolerant towards other religions.


1.Give a detailed account of the exponents of the Bhakthi movement in India.


v Hewas a great exponent of the Bhakthi movement, was born at Sriperumbudur.

v Hewas a real Vaishnavite leader of the 12th entury AD.

v Hetaught that Salvation lies only in devotion to God.

v Hewas the follower of Ramanuja.

v Hesaw humanity as one family and all men as brothers


v Hewas a devotee of Krishna Basava.

v Hewas the founder of virasaivism.


v Hewas born in Benal in 1485 AD.

v Hepropagated Krishna cult kabir.

v Hewas a follower of Ramananda was the first to preach Hindu-muslim community.

v Hisfollowers called kabirpanthis.


v Hewas another well-known saint of the Bhakti movement was the founder of sikkism.

v Hepreached unity of God, goodwill and co-operation among Hindus and Muslims.


v Shewas a devotee of lord Krishna. She was very popular in Rajasthan for herBhajans.

2.Write in detail about the sufi movement in India.


v Sufimovement originated in Persia.

v Itbecame popular in India in the 12th century AD.

v Theyregarded prophet Mohamed as a perfect human being.

v Sufisminsisted that God could be reached only through meditation love and devotion.

v Theyopposed rituals and were tolerant towards other religions.

ImportantSufi saints of India:-

KhwajaMuin-ud-din chisti:

v Hepreached that the greatest form of devotion to God was through servicehumanity.

v Hewas popularly known as Gharib Nawaz or protector of the poor.


v Hewas a discipline of Khwaja muin-ud-din-chisti.

v Hepreached the unity of God and brotherhood.

v Heencouraged people to live a simple life.

v Hewas against class and caste distinctions.

SaintNagore Andavar:

v Hebelonged to the 16th century.

v Hewas popularly called Meeran sahib.

The shrine atNagore is dedicated to him.

3.What was the impact of the Bhakthi and sufi movement?

v TheBhakthi and sufi movements tried to end the exploitation of the masses by thepriestly class.

v Theycreated awareness about the evils of superstitious beliefs.

v Theybelived that through love and devotion one can realize that personal presenceof God.

v Thesufi saints taught that there is one God and all human beings are his children.

v Hindi,Punjabi, Bengali, Telugu, Kannada and Tamil literature were enriched by theBhakti and Sufi saints.

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