India and World Peace

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. India is a country with an unbounded faith in Peace

2. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s five principles of peace are named as Pancha Sheel

3. Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was signed in 1963

4. India brought a resolution in the UN General Assembly in favour of disarmament in 1956

5. Apartheid was abolished in 1990

6. The first Secretary General of SAARC was Ashan

II. Answer the following in brief

1. Mention the important aspects of India’s policy for promoting peace.

The important aspects of India’s policy for promoting peace

  • Promoter of world peace
  • Panchasheel
  • Dis-Armament and Nuclear Weapons
  • A Great Helper
  • Policy of Non-alignment
  • India-a dead enemy of oppression and injustice
  • A Great supporter of the UNO
  • Ending of Apartheid

2. Why is world peace an essential one?

Economic development of the nations can be achieved only through world peace.

World peace is essential not only for the economic development of India but also for all the developing countries of the world.

3. What are the five principles of the Pancha Sheel?

The five principles of the Pancha Sheel

  1. Each country should respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others.
  2. No country should attack any other country.
  3. No one should try to interfere in the internal affairs of others.
  4. All country shall strive for equality and mutual benefit.
  5. Every country should try to follow the policy of peaceful coexistence.

4. Write a note on the policy of APARTHEID.

  • Apartheid- Policy of racial discrimination followed in South Africa.
  • The whites did not give equal rights to the native Africans.
  • India has raised this issue for the first time in the UN General Assembly in 1946.
  • Policy of Apartheid has been abolished in 1990.

5. Name the areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation.

The areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation

  • Transportation
  • Postal service
  • Tourism
  • Shipping
  • Meteorology
  • Health
  • Agriculture
  • Rural reconstruction and
  • Tele communication.

6. India has rendered whole hearted support to the UNO – Justify.

  • India has rendered whole-hearted support to the United Nations to bring World peace.
  • It tried to solve many problems by giving full support to the UNO.

III. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Write a paragraph about Pancha Sheel and the policy of Non-Alignment.

Pancha Sheel

India is called “A Great Peace Maker”. Jawaharlal Nehru laid these five principles known as Pancha Sheel.

  1. Each country should respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others.
  2. No country should attack any other country.
  3. No one should try to interfere in the internal affairs of others.
  4. All country shall strive for equality and mutual benefit.
  5. Every country should try to follow the policy of peaceful coexistence.

Policy of Non-alignment

After Second World War the world was divided into two blocs the American Bloc and the Russian Bloc.

India has not joined either of these two blocs.

India tries to remove difference contributing towards the World Peace.

2. Write a short note on SAARC.

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation(SAARC)
  • India took the initiative to form SAARC to maintain regional peace.
  • SAARC, S first meeting was held at Dacca in Bangladesh on Dec 7, 1985.
  • Ashan of Bangladesh was the first Secretary General of SAARC.
  • Member countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Srilanka.
  • On April 3, 2007 Afghanistan became its 8th member.

The areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation

  • Promoter of world peace, Panchasheel
  • Dis-Armament and Nuclear Weapons
  • A Great Helper
  • Policy of Non-alignment
  • India-a dead enemy of oppression and injustice
  • A Great supporter of the UNO

Ending of Apartheid

Leave a Reply