9th Geography

Tamil Nadu Geography


1. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state of India. (As regards area)

2. There are 32 districts in Tamil Nadu.

3. Nagapatinam district lies on the east coast.

4. Tamil Nadu lies in the south east part of India.

5. Tamil Nadu accounts of 4% of the total area of the country.


1. State bird – emerald dove

2. State tree – palm tree

3. Assembly constitution – 234

4. Municipalities – 125

5. Karnataka – west of Tamil Nadu.


1. Write down the boundaries of Tamil Nadu.

  • Tamil Nadu is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, Indian Ocean in the south.
  • Kerala and Karnataka are located in the west and Andhra Pradesh in north.

2. Name the local bodies of Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu consists of

  • City corporation.
  • Municipalities.
  • Town panchayat.
  • District panchayat.
  • Panchayat union.
  • Village panchayat.

3. Mention the latitudinal and longitudinal extend of Tamil Nadu.

  • Tamil Nadu extends latitudinal between 80 4”north and 130 35” north and
  • It extents longitudinally between 760 18” east and 800 20” east.

4. Name the oceans bordering Tamil Nadu.

The oceans bordering Tamil Nadu are:

  • Bay of Bengal on the east
  • Indian ocean on the south

5. Name any four districts that lie on the western margin of Tamil Nadu?

  • Nilgiris
  • Coimbatore
  • Theni
  • Thirunelveli

6. Name the coastal districts of Tamil Nadu?

There are 13 districts that share the coastline namely Thiruvallur, Chennai, Kanchipuram, Villupuram, Cuddalore, Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari.


1. Describe the geographical location of Tamil Nadu.

  • Tamil Nadu is bordered by the states of Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is on the southern tip of the Indian peninsula.
  • It is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east
  • Indian Ocean in the south, Kerala and Karnataka in the west and Andhra Pradesh in the north.
  • Tamil Nadu state extends latitudinal between 80 4” north and 130 35”north and longitudinal between 760 18” east and 800 20”east.
  • Tamil Nadu is a triangular landmass at the south eastern end of the main continent.
  • It is the 11th largest state in India by area.
  • Total area of Tamil Nadu is about 1, 30,658 sq km which is 4% of the total land area of the India.

2. Give an account of the salient features of Tamil Nadu.

  • Tamil Nadu is the 6th most populous state of the Indian union.
  • It is a leading producer of both agricultural and industrial products.
  • It is the 11th largest state in India by area.
  • It is one of the most urbanized states of India.
  • Tamil Nadu is the home of Dravidian culture.
  • It is regarded as the cradle of Dravidian culture.
  • The three sangams enriched the Tamil language.
  • Tholkappiyam, Pathupattu, Ettuthogai were contributed during sangam period.
  • Thiruvalluvar’s thirukkural is regarded as the renowned piece of literature.
  • Chera, Chola, Pandya and Pallava are Tamil kingdoms and their period was known as golden age of Tamil Nadu.