India – Trade, Transport and Communication

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I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Trade carried on within the domestic territory of a country is known as ___ trade. Internal

2. Trade blocs are created to make the ___ trade easier. Multi-Lateral

3. Cost efficient and most popular mode of transport in our country is __ Roadways

4. The headquarters of Indian Railways is Delhi

5. The costliest and most modern means of transport is Air Transport

II. Match the following

1. Village Road  (Village) Panchayat
2. District Road  Corporations
3. Central Railways  Mumbai
4. Southern Railways  Chennai
5. Northern Railways  Delhi

IV. Short answers

1. What is trade? What are the types of trade?

Trade is an act or process of buying, selling or exchanging goods and services.

The types of trade are internal trade and International trade.

2. State the highlights of India’s foreign trade policy since 2004.

The highlights of India’s foreign trade policy since 2004.

  • Merchandise trade has been doubled.
  • Thrust is given from employment generation, especially in semiurban and rural areas.
  • Trade procedure is simplified and transaction cost is redcued.
  • Special focus is given to make India a global hub.
  • A new scheme called Vishesh Krishi Upaj Yojna has been introduced to boost exports of fruits, vegetables, flowers and minor forest products.

3. Trade, Transport and Communication stand complementary to each other. How?

Growth of trade leads to economic prosperity of a nation. But, trade growth depends on well-developed market, advanced transport and communication system.

4. What is the significance of border roads?

The significance of border roads

  • Constructed and maintained by Border Roads Organisation (BRO) which was set up in 1960 by the Government of India.
  • BRO is regarded as a symbol of nation building, national integration and an inseparable component in maintaining the security of the country.

5. Brief how physiographic plays a role in the distribution of Railway networks in India.

The Physiographic plays a role in the distribution of Railway networks in India.

  • The Himalayan region has rugged terrain and so it is very difficult to lay railway tracks along the steep slopes.
  • Further, the condition in west Rajasthan, frequent flood in Brahmaputra valley thick forest and rough terrain.
  • The northern plains of India is a flat land. Hence, it has a dense network of railways.
  • Peninsular India is a plateau region with an undulated terrain, hence it has a moderate railway network.

6. Write a note on sub-urban railway.

Sub Urban Railway:-

  • Cities in India such as Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Delhi have separate tracks for the sub urban network.
  • Sub urban trains connect the commuters of sub urban areas to the urban centres.
  • They are mostly Electric Multiple Units (EMU).

7. State the merits of pipeline transport.

Advantages of Pipeline Transport:-

  • Pipeline can be laid through difficult terrain as well as under water.
  • Initial cost of laying pipeline is high cost for maintenance and operation is low.
  • Steady supply and minimizes transshipment losses and delays.
  • Pipeline operation involves very low consumption of energy.

8. Mention the important pipeline networks in our country.

There are three important pipeline network in the country:-

  • From oil fields in upper Assam to Kanpur in Uttarpradesh.
  • From Salaya in Gujarat to Jalandhar in Punjab.
  • Gas pipeline from Hazira in Gujarat connects Jagdishpur in uttarpradesh.

9. What are the advantages of communication network?

Advantages of Communication Network:-

  • Communication network has enhanced the efficiency of communication.
  • Leads to enormous growth of trade.
  • Helps the government to tackle various socio-economic problems in the society.
  • Improves the quality of human life.
  • Opens the door to the information age.
  • Promotes Edusat programs.

IV, Answer in a paragraph:

1. Explain India’s trade with reference to her major exports and imports.

India’s trade with reference to her major exports and imports.

Trade is an act or process of buying, selling or exchanging goods and service.

They are internal and international trade

International trade is sub divided into two types such as

1.Bilateral trade

2.Mutilateral trade

Major Export from India

Ores and minerals

Iron ore, Coal, Manganese, Mica, Bauxite

Leather products

Wallets, purses, pouches, handbags, belts, footwear, gloves.

Engineering goods

Machinery, iron and steel, electronic goods, computer software.

Textiles and handicrafts

Readymade garments, cotton, yarn and zari goods.

Major imports of India

Machineries like transport equipment, machine tools, non-electrical machineries.

Pharmaceutical products, Petroleum, fertilizers and newsprints.

2. Classify the Indian roads and Explain.

  • The India Roads are cost efficient and the most popular dominant modes of transport.
  • Road network in India is the second longest in the world accounting for 3.314 million km.
  • Village roads link different villages with the town and it is maintained by village panchayat roads run to a length of 26,50,000kms
  • District Roads links the towns with the district headquarters. They are maintained by the Corporations and Municipalities. District roads length of 4,67,763kms.
  • State Highways links the state capitals with the different district headquarters.
  • constructed and maintained by the State Public Department runs to a length of 1,31,899kms. Eg: Cuddalore-Chittor Road.
  • National Highways links the state capitals with national capital. They are maintained by the Central Public Works Department runs to a length of 70,548kms. For example NH 47.

3. Explain the means of Personal Communication in India.

The means of Personal Communication in India:

  • Personal Communication refers to exchanging between two persons.
  • India Postal Service made its beginning in 1857 and it is the largest network in the world.
  • First class mail includes postcards, inland letters and envelopes.
  • Second class mail includes book packets, registered newspaper.
  • Telegram is a form of written communication by which messages can be sent quickly to distant places.
  • Telephone is a form of oral communication.
  • Mobile phones are very popular in today’s world as it provides an access to the user and receiver at any time, at anywhere.
  • Short Message Services (SMS) is a method by which message can be one cell phone to another.
  • Fax is an electronic device that sends the exact copy of any matter, document to another fax machine to the receiving end.

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