I. Choose the correct answer:
1. The most popular form of Government in modern days Democracy
2. Direct Democracy existed in ancient Greece
3. Telugu Desam is a Regional party
4. If two parties exist in a country, it is called Bi-party system
5. The opposition party leader will be given the status of a Cabinet Minister
6. To contest an election a person should be above the age of 25
7. The body of the elected representatives at the Central level is known as Parliament
8. The status of election commissioner is equivalent to that of the Supreme Court Judge
9. The election process in the state level is supervised by Chief Electoral Officer
10. Election Commission is situated at New Delhi
II. Answer the following in brief:
1. Give Abraham Lincoln’s definition of Democracy.
According to Abraham Lincoln, “Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people”.
2. What are National Parties?
A party recognized by the Election Commission, that secures at least six percent of the total votes in Lok Sabha election in four or more states, then it is called National Party. Eg: Congress, BJP.
3. What is a Political Party?
A political party is an organized association of people who come together on a common platform with the objective of winning political power. It is called as political parties.
4. Mention the functions of the political parties.
Functions of the Political Parties
- Formulation of General policies.
- Contesting elections
- Educating the masses
- To conduct and criticize the government
- Playing the role of an intermediary body between the government and the people.
- Integrative policy.
5. Write the advantages of Single Party system
Advantages of the Single Party Rule
- During the periods of emergency could function more efficiently and quickly to set matters right.
- Decisions could be taken quickly and Expenditure could also be controlled.
- It promotes greater national identity.
6. Give a brief note on the functions of the Election Commission.
Functions of the Election Commission
- It gives recognition to the political parties.
- It allots symbol for the parties as well as independent candidates.
- It announces the dates of election and final results.
III. Answer the following in a paragraph:
1. Explain the types and importance of democracy.
Democracy can be classified into two
* Direct Democracy and
* Indirect Democracy.
- People directly participate in the functioning of the government.
- Existed in Ancient Greece and Rome.
- The representatives are duly elected by the people.
- They form and run the government.
- Most of the countries in the world follow indirect democracy.
Importance of Democracy:-
People have the freedom to choose their representatives.
- It ensures treating people with dignity.
- People are guaranteed fundamental rights like the right to life and liberty.
- Democratic government should Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.
2. Mention the types of election and explain them.
Types of Elections in India
- Direct Election
- Indirect Election
- Mid-term poll
- The citizens elect the representatives through votes.
- Members of the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies are elected in this manner.
- The elected representatives are the voters here.
- The members of the Rajya Sabha, the President and Vice-President are elected in this manner.
- By-Elections held when an elected candidate from a constituency dies or resigns elections will be held. Such Elections are called by-elections.
- Parliament or the state legislatures do not function for the whole period of five years for various reasons.
- Then they are dissolved, elections are held.
- These elections are called the mid-term polls.
3. Explain the role of Opposition party in a democracy.
The party which gets majority seats in the Lok Sabha next to the ruling party is called the opposition party.
Role of Opposition parties
- To check the government from becoming authoritarian.
- The main duty of the opposition party is to criticize the policies of the government.
- Attract the attention of the press and report their criticism of the government.
- The opposition parties have the right to check the expenditure.
- The criticisms of these parties make the ruling party correct its actions.