LORD DALHOUSIE [A.D 1848 – A.D 1856]

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I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by __________.

a) Lord Dalhousie b) Lord Amherst c) Lord Hastings

Ans : a) Lord Dalhousie

2. _______________ was annexed by Lord Dalhousie due to misgovernment

a) Satara               b) Jhansi         c) Oudh

Ans : c) Oudh

3. The Hindu Widow Remarriage Act was passed in _____________

a) 1853                        b) 1855               c) 1856

Ans : c) 1856

4. The first railway line was laid between Bombay and _____________

a) Madras         b) Thana               c) Pune

Ans : b) Thana

5. The Sepoy – mutiny (Great revolt) broke out in______________.

a) 1848                        b) 1857               c) 1858

Ans : b) 1857

6. The second Burmese was broke out in _________________.

a) 1848            b) 1852               c) 1857

Ans : b) 1852

7. In 1856 railway line was laid between _______________.

a) Mumbai and Thana              b) Thana and Poona

c) Madras and Arakkonam

Ans : Madras and Arakkonam

8. The father of Indian Railway is ______________.

a) Dalhousie    b) Hastings       c) Wellesley

Ans : a) Dalhousie

9. During the period of Dalhousie the army headquarters was shifted from Calcutta to ________.

a) Delhi b) Bengal c) Simla

Ans : c) Simla

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. Lord Dalhousie became the Governor General of India in ___________.

Ans : 1848

2. _________ was the first kingdom to be annexed by the British under the Doctrine of Lapse.

Ans : Satara

3. Ganga Canal was constructed during the reign of ___________.

Ans : Dalhousie

4. Dalhousie annexed __________ at the end of the second Anglo Sikh was

Ans : Punjab

5. During the period of Dalhousie ___________ was made the summer capital

Ans : Shimla

6. ____________ was the winter capital during Dalhousie period.

Ans : Calcutta

7. Dalhousie introduced _________ postal system

Ans : Half anna

8. _________ is called the “Maker of modern India”.

Ans : Lord Dalhousie

III. Match the following

1. First railway line  a) adopted son of Baji Rao II
2. Woods Despatch  b) Nawab of Oudh
3. Nana Sahib  c) 1853
4. Wajid Ali Shah  d) 1854

Ans : 1 – C, 2 – D, 3 – A, 4 – B

IV. Answer the following in one word:

1. When was the second Anglo – Sikh war fought?

Ans : 1848

2. Who set up Public works Department?

Ans : Lore Dalhousie

3. Name the Universities set up during the period of Dalhousie?

Ans : Madras, Bombay, Calcutta

V. Answer the following questions briefly:

1. What was the Doctrine of Lapse?

If the ruler of a dependent state in India died without male son, his adopted son would not succeed him. But the state would pass back to the British. The adopted son would inherit only the personal property of the deceased.

2. What principles were adopted by Dalhousie to expand the British Empire in India?

i) By Doctrine of Lapse

ii) By wars

iii) On the grounds of mis – government

3. Name the states annexed through the Doctrine of Lapse

Dalhousie annexed Satara, Jaipur, Sambhalpur, Udaipur, Jhansi, Nagpur through the Doctrine of Lapse.

4. “Dalhousie was called the Father of Indian Railway” Justify.

i) Dalhousie is credited with the introduction of Railways.

ii) During his period the first railway line was laid between Bombay and Thane in 1853.

iii) In 1854 a railway line was laid from Howrah to Ranikanj.

iv) In 1856 a railway line was laid between Madras and Arakonam. Hence, Dalhousie was called the father of Indian Railways.

VI. Answer in detail:

1. Describe the reforms introduced by Lord Dalhousie.

Dalhousie introduced reforms in various fields.

Administration reforms

i) During the time of Dalhousie, Lieutenant Governor was appointed to look after the affairs of Bengal.

ii) Provinces were divided into districts.

iii) Each district was put under Deputy Commissioner.

Introduction of Railway

i) Dalhousie is credited with the introduction of Railways, in India.

ii) During his period the first railway line was laid between Bombay and Thane in 1853.

Post and Telegraph

i) Post and telegraph offices were set up throughout the country.

ii) He appointed a Director General to supervise the work of post offices in all presidencies.

iii) He introduced ½ Anna (3 Paise) postal system.

Commercial reforms:

i) Dalhousie introduced free trade.

ii) Madras, Bombay and Calcutta were improved

iii) He improved several harbours with modern facilities

iv) He encouraged the trade relations between India and English.

Social reforms

i) He tried to abolish

ii) He suppressed the thugs

iii) In 1856 the Hindu widow Re – marriage Act was passed

Educational reforms

i) During Dalhousie period Sir Charles Wood’s Despatch in 1854 introduced certain educational reforms in India.

ii) The Department of Public instruction form primary to province

iii) A number of educational institutions from primary to University level were established.

iv) An engineering college was also established in Roorkee.

Military reforms

i) Gurkhas were encouraged to join the Indian army

ii) Army headquarters was shifted from Calcutta to Shimla.

iii) Lord Dalhousie was the youngest. Governor General of India. His period is ever remembered for the introduction of railways posts and telegraphs. Hence he is called the “Maker of modern India”.

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