10th Civics

CONSUMER RIGHTS

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. A person one who gives final utility to a commodity is Consumer

2. The customer are exploited by the Traders

3. The Right to information Act was passed by the Parliament on 12th October 2005

4. World consumer day is celebrated on March 15

5. The Magna Carta of consumers COPRA

6. One of the planning schemes to create awareness among the consumers Trade fair

II. Answer the following in brief:

1. How are the customers exploited? Mention any two forms

  • The consumers are exploited by manufacturers and traders in different ways.
  • The goods being sold in the market are sometimes not measured or weighed correctly.
  • The goods sold are sometimes of sub-standard quality.

2. Write a brief note on the birth of COPRA.

Birth of “COPRA”

The right to redress lead to the passing of the Consumer Protection Act(COPRA) in 1986 in India which has been defined as the Magna Carta of Consumers.

3. Write any two measures taken by the Government of Tamil Nadu to protect the consumers against exploitation.

  • Providing consumer education through Women Self Help Groups.
  • Residents Welfare Associations in urban areas.
  • Generating awareness through sectoral workshops & seminars.
  • Publication and distribution of monthly magazine under the caption. “Tamil Nadu Nugarvor Kavasam”.

III. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Write a paragraph on the rights of consumers.

Birth of “Copra”

The right to redress lead to the passing of the Consumer Protection Act (COPRA) in 1986 in India which has been defined as the Magna Carta of consumers.

Rights of Consumers

  • The consumers have the right to be protected against marketing of goods and services, which are hazardous to life and property.
  • The quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and price of goods; should be properly informed.
  • Assurance of access to goods and services at competitive price.
  • The consumer has the right to be assured of satisfactory quality and service at a fair price.
  • They seek redressal against unfair trade practices and right to fair settlement of the genuine grievances.
  • The right of Information Act was passed by the parliament on 12th Oct, 2005 to enable to access information from public bodies.

2. What are the measures taken by the Government of Tamil Nadu to protect the consumers?

Measures taken by the Government of Tamil Nadu to protect the consumers.

  • Providing consumer education through Women Self Help Groups.
  • Residents Welfare Associations in Urban areas.
  • Generating awareness through sectoral workshops and seminars.
  • Publication and distribution of monthly magazine under the caption “Tamil Nadu Nugarvorkavasam”.
  • Propagating awareness through radio/Television media and short video films.

The motto of developing citizen as a “valuable consumer” in providing consumer education to general public.

10th Civics

UNITY IN DIVERSITY

I. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER:

1. The ancient religion of our country is Vedic region

2. Recognised official languages of India 22

3. Language is the means of Communication

4. Thembavani is related to Christianity

5. Buddha Poornima is celebrated by the Buddhist

6. They play an important part in fostering unity and integration Music and dance

II. Answer the following in brief:

1. Why is India called the “Museum of human race”?

  • India has a population of more than hundred Crores made up of diverse ethnic groups, castes, religions, speaking hundreds of languages.
  • It had made it both a museum and a laboratory for the study of a man. Hence India is rightly called the “Museum of human race”.

2. Name some of the religions of India.

  • Vedic religion
  • Christianity
  • Zoroastrianism
  • Muslim
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism
  • Sikhism

3. How do our customs, habits and heritage help to maintain unity?

The Indian heritage advocates hospitality, charity, friendship, love, unselfishness, dharma, proper conduct, humility, truth, peace, mercy, spiritual feelings, respect for parents and elders and tolerance.

This is how out customs, habits and heritage help to maintain unity.

4. What do you know about art and architecture of India?

Art and Architecture

  • India was famous for its architectural unique
  • The paintings at Ajantha and Ellora are world famous.
  • The Gandhara Art and Sculpture speaks the excellence of India’s greatness in this field.
  • Temple Architecture is the best among Indian building architecture.

5. Give a brief note on Indian Music and Dance.

Music and Dance

  • The Carnatic style and Hindustani music is loved and learned by many.
  • Bharathanatiya, Kuchipudi, Kathak,Manipur and Oddissi are some of the famous dances in India.
  • In many respects the rich and varied Indian Music and Dance play an important role in fostering unity and integration.
  •  

III. Detail:

1. Explain how do language and literature help to maintain unity in diversity.

Language

  • People of India speak different languages like Tamil, Malayalam, Hindi, Urdu and many foreign languages are spoken by its people.
  • Almost, in India about 845 languages are spoken. Out of these 22 are recognized as the official language.
  • Hindi is the national language of India.
  • English is being used as the concurrent-language.
  • Language is the means of communication, the instruments of growth, development and common brotherhood, Literature
  • The growth of Indian languages led to Indian literature to reach its zenith.
  • Languages have helped the growth of thoughts and philosophy.
  • The Ramayana and Mahabharata are the two great epics of India.
  • Bhagavad-Gita is the holy book of Hindus.
  • Thembavani written by Veeramamunivar is related to Christianity.

2. Write a paragraph on National Integration.

National Integration

  • In spite of diversity in physical features, habits, religious faiths, languages, food and dress make the people look different but the heritage of India binds them together; Humanism, brotherhood, friendship make the Indians live in unity and harmony.
  • The feeling and thought that all are the sons of Bharath, all are Indians.
  • National flag, and National anthem, United we live divided we fall safeguard National Integration.
  • This unity of India achieved through the ages right from the days of the Indus culture.
10th Civics

DEMOCRACY

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. The most popular form of Government in modern days Democracy

2. Direct Democracy existed in ancient Greece

3. Telugu Desam is a Regional party

4. If two parties exist in a country, it is called Bi-party system

5. The opposition party leader will be given the status of a Cabinet Minister

6. To contest an election a person should be above the age of 25

7. The body of the elected representatives at the Central level is known as Parliament

8. The status of election commissioner is equivalent to that of the Supreme Court Judge

9. The election process in the state level is supervised by Chief Electoral Officer

10. Election Commission is situated at New Delhi

II. Answer the following in brief:

1. Give Abraham Lincoln’s definition of Democracy.

According to Abraham Lincoln, “Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people”.

2. What are National Parties?

National Parties

A party recognized by the Election Commission, that secures at least six percent of the total votes in Lok Sabha election in four or more states, then it is called National Party. Eg: Congress, BJP.

3. What is a Political Party?

A political party is an organized association of people who come together on a common platform with the objective of winning political power. It is called as political parties.

4. Mention the functions of the political parties.

Functions of the Political Parties

  • Formulation of General policies.
  • Contesting elections
  • Educating the masses
  • To conduct and criticize the government
  • Playing the role of an intermediary body between the government and the people.
  • Integrative policy.

5. Write the advantages of Single Party system

Advantages of the Single Party Rule

  • During the periods of emergency could function more efficiently and quickly to set matters right.
  • Decisions could be taken quickly and Expenditure could also be controlled.
  • It promotes greater national identity.

6. Give a brief note on the functions of the Election Commission.

Functions of the Election Commission

  • It gives recognition to the political parties.
  • It allots symbol for the parties as well as independent candidates.
  • It announces the dates of election and final results.

III. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Explain the types and importance of democracy.

Democracy can be classified into two

* Direct Democracy and

* Indirect Democracy.

Direct Democracy:-

  • People directly participate in the functioning of the government.
  • Existed in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Indirect Democracy:-

  • The representatives are duly elected by the people.
  • They form and run the government.
  • Most of the countries in the world follow indirect democracy.

Importance of Democracy:-

People have the freedom to choose their representatives.

  • It ensures treating people with dignity.
  • People are guaranteed fundamental rights like the right to life and liberty.
  • Democratic government should Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

2. Mention the types of election and explain them.

Types of Elections in India

  1. Direct Election
  2. Indirect Election
  3. By-Elections
  4. Mid-term poll

Direct Election

  • The citizens elect the representatives through votes.
  • Members of the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies are elected in this manner.

Indirect Elections

  • The elected representatives are the voters here.
  • The members of the Rajya Sabha, the President and Vice-President are elected in this manner.

By-Elections

  • By-Elections held when an elected candidate from a constituency dies or resigns elections will be held. Such Elections are called by-elections.

Mid-term polls

  • Parliament or the state legislatures do not function for the whole period of five years for various reasons.
  • Then they are dissolved, elections are held.
  • These elections are called the mid-term polls.

3. Explain the role of Opposition party in a democracy.

The party which gets majority seats in the Lok Sabha next to the ruling party is called the opposition party.

Role of Opposition parties

  • To check the government from becoming authoritarian.
  • The main duty of the opposition party is to criticize the policies of the government.
  • Attract the attention of the press and report their criticism of the government.
  • The opposition parties have the right to check the expenditure.
  • The criticisms of these parties make the ruling party correct its actions.
10th Civics

India and World Peace

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. India is a country with an unbounded faith in Peace

2. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s five principles of peace are named as Pancha Sheel

3. Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was signed in 1963

4. India brought a resolution in the UN General Assembly in favour of disarmament in 1956

5. Apartheid was abolished in 1990

6. The first Secretary General of SAARC was Ashan

II. Answer the following in brief

1. Mention the important aspects of India’s policy for promoting peace.

The important aspects of India’s policy for promoting peace

  • Promoter of world peace
  • Panchasheel
  • Dis-Armament and Nuclear Weapons
  • A Great Helper
  • Policy of Non-alignment
  • India-a dead enemy of oppression and injustice
  • A Great supporter of the UNO
  • Ending of Apartheid

2. Why is world peace an essential one?

Economic development of the nations can be achieved only through world peace.

World peace is essential not only for the economic development of India but also for all the developing countries of the world.

3. What are the five principles of the Pancha Sheel?

The five principles of the Pancha Sheel

  1. Each country should respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others.
  2. No country should attack any other country.
  3. No one should try to interfere in the internal affairs of others.
  4. All country shall strive for equality and mutual benefit.
  5. Every country should try to follow the policy of peaceful coexistence.

4. Write a note on the policy of APARTHEID.

  • Apartheid- Policy of racial discrimination followed in South Africa.
  • The whites did not give equal rights to the native Africans.
  • India has raised this issue for the first time in the UN General Assembly in 1946.
  • Policy of Apartheid has been abolished in 1990.

5. Name the areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation.

The areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation

  • Transportation
  • Postal service
  • Tourism
  • Shipping
  • Meteorology
  • Health
  • Agriculture
  • Rural reconstruction and
  • Tele communication.

6. India has rendered whole hearted support to the UNO – Justify.

  • India has rendered whole-hearted support to the United Nations to bring World peace.
  • It tried to solve many problems by giving full support to the UNO.

III. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Write a paragraph about Pancha Sheel and the policy of Non-Alignment.

Pancha Sheel

India is called “A Great Peace Maker”. Jawaharlal Nehru laid these five principles known as Pancha Sheel.

  1. Each country should respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others.
  2. No country should attack any other country.
  3. No one should try to interfere in the internal affairs of others.
  4. All country shall strive for equality and mutual benefit.
  5. Every country should try to follow the policy of peaceful coexistence.

Policy of Non-alignment

After Second World War the world was divided into two blocs the American Bloc and the Russian Bloc.

India has not joined either of these two blocs.

India tries to remove difference contributing towards the World Peace.

2. Write a short note on SAARC.

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation(SAARC)
  • India took the initiative to form SAARC to maintain regional peace.
  • SAARC, S first meeting was held at Dacca in Bangladesh on Dec 7, 1985.
  • Ashan of Bangladesh was the first Secretary General of SAARC.
  • Member countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Srilanka.
  • On April 3, 2007 Afghanistan became its 8th member.

The areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation

  • Promoter of world peace, Panchasheel
  • Dis-Armament and Nuclear Weapons
  • A Great Helper
  • Policy of Non-alignment
  • India-a dead enemy of oppression and injustice
  • A Great supporter of the UNO

Ending of Apartheid

9th Civics

THE STATE GOVERNMENT

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. India consists of 28 states and 8 union territories.

2. The constitution head of the state government is chief minister.

3. The governor is appointed by president

4. The chief minister and other ministers are appointed by Governor

5. Ordinance are passed by Governor.

II.ANSWER IN BRIEF:

1. How many states and union territories in India?

There are 28 states and 7 union territories in India.

2. Which is the National capital territory?

Delhi is a national Capital territory.

3. How is council is Ministers are formed?

The council of ministers are formed by the chief minister.

They were appointed by the governor on the advice of chief minister

9th Civics

RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZEN

I CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER:

1. Through the 42 amendment enumerates the fundamental duties of the citizen.

2. The fundamental rights are classified under six heads.

3. India is a secular state.

4. Article 30 of the constitution grants rights to minorities to establish education institutions.

5. Article 19 of our constitution guarantees six freedom to all citizen

II Answer in brief

1. Write a short note on fundamental Rights?

A constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights becomes indispensable for keeping the democratic spirit of the state.

2. What is the freedom of religion?

Indian constitution observes an attitude of neutrality and impartiality towards all religion.

3. What is known as directive principles?

The constitution of Indian not only defines the rights and duties of citizens, but also provides certain directives to the government so that the people are assured of a progressive welfare state. These

directives are known as the ‘Directive Principles’.

4. Write a note on ‘writ’.

‘Writ’ means an order given by the court.

Answer in brief:

1) Explain the Fundamentals Duties.

•To respect the constitution National Flag or National anthem.

•To defend the country

•To protect the sovereignty , unity and integrity of india.

•To promote the spirit of common brotherhood amongst people of india.

•To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.

•To safeguard public property.

•To protect and improve the natural environment.

•To develop the scientific temper and spirit of enquiry.

2 .Describe the Directive principles of state policy?

•The constitution of India not only defines the rights and duties of citizens but also provides certain directives to the government so that the people are assured of a progressive welfare state.

Directive in nature of ideals.

•Secure social, economic and political justice.

Directives shaping the policy.

•Secure uniform civil code.

•Provide free and compulsory primary education.

•Non justifiable rights of citizen right of both sexes to equal pay for equal work

9th Civics

THE UNION GOVERNMENT

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. The parliament consists of two houses.

2. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

3. Lok sabha has 545 elected members.

4. Members of lok sabha are elected by direct election.

5. The upper house is known as rajya sabha.

6. The head of Indian republic and union is president.

7. Money bills cannot be introduced without the approval of president.

8. The union finance minister presents annual budget before the lok sabha.

9. The article of the constitution provides for a vice president article 63.

10. The president of India is Mr. Pranab Mukherjee.

11. The Supreme Court judge is appointed by the president.

12. Number of judges in Supreme Court is 31.

13. The Supreme Court judges retire at the age of 65.

14. Lok Adalat was introduced in 1987.

15. Head quarters of Supreme Court is in New Delhi.

II. Answer briefly:

1. What are the qualifications to become a member of the rajya sabha?

  • He or she must be a citizen of India.
  • Must not be less than 30 years of age.
  • Must possess such other qualifications may be prescribed by the parliament.
  • Must not be a member of lok sabha.
  • Must be a person with sound mind and financially solvent.
  • Must not hold any office of profit under any government.

2. How is the prime minister elected?

According to the constitution of India, the leader of the majority party or majority group in the lok sabha is appointed as prime minister.

Prime minister of India is appointed by the president of India.

3. What is a bicameral legislature?

  • Indian parliament consists of two houses called Rajya sabha and Lok sabha.
  • Since there are two houses in the parliament it is called bicameral legislature.
  • Bicameral legislature also refers to states having two houses namely the legislative assembly and legislative council. (eg. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh have legislative council) .

4. Explain the term “lok sabha”.

  • Lok sabha is the house of people.
  • Its members are directly elected by the people of India.
  • It enjoys vast powers since its members are elected directly.
  • Hence the lower house of the parliament is called the lok sabha or house of the people.

5. What is Electoral College?

  • The electoral college consist of the elected members of the both houses of the parliament, the elected members of the states and elected members of the national capital territory of Delhi and Pondicherry.

6. Who are all appointed by the president?

  • The president appoints the prime minister and other members of the council of ministers.
  • The judges of supreme courts and high courts are also appointed by him.
  • The president appoints the heads of the election commission, the attorney general chair person, members of UPSC, heads of armed forces, etc.

7. When is the emergency power declared?

  • The president is empowered to declare emergency when there is a threat to security of India by war, external rebellion or during armed rebellion. It is called national emergency. (Art. 352)
  • If a government of a state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provision of the constitution he declares state emergency. (Art. 356)
  • If a financial stability or credit of India is threatened, financial emergency is declared. (Art. 360)

8. How is the vice president elected?

  • A person to become the vice president of India should possess all the qualifications that are required to become a president of India.
  • The vice president of India is elected by the members of the parliament.

9. What are the qualifications of the Supreme Court judge?

  • The person who could become the judge of the Supreme Court must possess the following qualification;
  • Must be a citizen of India.
  • Should have worked as a judge of a high court for at least 5 years.
  • Should have worked as an advocate of a high court for at least 10 years.

10. What is the original jurisdiction?

  • The cases which are brought directly in the first instance to the Supreme Court come under original jurisdiction. For example, the dispute between the government of India and one or more states.

11. What is judicial review?

  • The judiciary can declare a law unconstitutional.
  • This power of the judiciary is known as judicial review.
  • By judicial review, the Supreme Court can declare a law null and void when it is found against the constitution.

12. Write the function of the high court judge.

  • The two main judicial function of the high court are original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction.
  • The high court supervises the working of all subordinate courts.
  • The state high court is empowered to issue writs and orders in the enforcement of fundamental rights and also other purposes.

13. Explain the power of the appellate.

  • The Supreme Court hears appeals against the decisions of the high court.
  • It hears appeals in civil, criminal and constitutional cases.
  • The high court produces a certificate saying the case is fit to appeal in the Supreme Court.

III. Answer in a paragraph:

1. What are the powers and functions of the parliament?

  • The parliament consists of two houses called rajya sabha and lok sabha.
  • So it is a bicameral legislature.
  • It has absolute control over the finances of the nation.
  • It passes the union budget.
  • It has the power to amend any provision of the Indian constitution.
  • It can impeach the highest constitutional authorities.
  • The approval of the parliament is required to continue with the emergency promulgated by the president.

2. Explain the council of ministers.

a)The number of members of the council of ministers is not specified in the constitution.

  • The ministers are classified under three ranks.
  • They are cabinet ministers, ministers of state and deputy ministers.

a) Cabinet ministers:

  • The cabinet is the policy making body of the government.
  • It is a collective body. Decisions are taken either by consensus or majority.
  • Normally the cabinet ministers are assigned important portfolios such as finance home, external affairs and railways.

b) Ministers of state:

  • They are also in the charge of ministers or departments, but they do not participate in the meetings of the cabinet, unless invited to do so.

c) Deputy Ministers:

  • They assist either the ministers of cabinet or state in the performance of the duties entrusted to them.

3. Explain the powers of the president.

  • The powers of the president can be divided into two categories namely
  • Power in normal times and
  • Emergency powers.
  • In normal times, the president enjoys
  • Executive powers,
  • Legislative powers,
  • Financial powers,
  • Judicial powers,
  • Military powers and
  • Diplomatic powers.

(a) Executive powers

  • Laws passed by the parliament are promulgated with the president’s assent.
  • The president is authorized to make appointments.
  • The president is the supreme commander of the armed forces.

(b) Legislative powers

  • The president can summon, prorogue both the houses of parliament.
  • Lok sabha can be dissolved by him.
  • Inaugural address is given by him.
  • The combined sessions of the parliament will be addressed by him.

(c) Judicial powers

  • The president is not answerable to any court of law.
  • He can pardon or remit or suspend a sentence of punishment even by the court, a martial or death
  • sentences passed by a court.

(d) Financial powers

  • The constitution empowers the president to have control over the finances of the state.
  • Annual budget is presented with his approval, by the finance minister.
  • Contingency fund is at the disposal of the president.

(e) Emergency powers

  • The president is given the power to declare
  • national emergency
  • state emergency
  • financial emergency.

4. What are the functions of the vice president?

  • The vice president of India occupies the 2nd highest office in country.
  • No specific functions are attached to the office of the vice president.
  • The normal function of the vice president is to act as the ex-officio chairperson of rajya sabha.
  • If there occurs any vacancy in the office of the president due to death, resignation, removal or otherwise, the vice president acts as he president until a new president is elected.

5. Explain the powers and the functions of the Supreme Court?

a) Judicial functions:

  • The Supreme Court is the guardian of the constitution.
  • The two main judicial functions of the Supreme Court are original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction.

b) Original jurisdiction:

  • The cases which are brought directly in the first instance to the supreme court under original
  • jurisdiction.
  • The writs issued by the Supreme Court to enforce the fundamental rights are the
  • Habeas corpus,
  • Mandamus,
  • Prohibition,
  • Certiorari,
  • Quo -warranto.

c) Appellate jurisdiction:

  • The supreme courts hear appeals against the decision of the high court in civil, criminal and constitutional cases.
  • The high court certifies the case whether it is fit to appeal in the Supreme Court.

d) Administrative functions:

  • There is a chain of codes of different types to provide justice.
  • There are at present 24 high courts.
  • Below the high courts, there are the subordinate courts of different categories.

e) Judicial review:

  • Judicial review gives the power to the Supreme Court to declare a law as unconstitutional.
  • By this power the Supreme Court can declare a law null or void if it is found against the constitution.
  • Hence the Supreme Court is known as the guardian of the constitution.

6. Explain the role of high court judges?

  • As per the article 214 of the constitution, there shall be a high court in each state.
  • There may be a common high court for two or more states or union territory.
  • It consists of chief justice and other judges.
  • The high court enjoys original and appellate jurisdiction as the Supreme Court does.
  • The other courts have to follow the rules and regulations framed by the high court.
  • There is a bench of Chennai high court functioning in Madurai.
8th Civics

NATIONAL INTEGRATION

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. The number of official language in India is ___________.

a) 15                b) 18                c) 22

Ans : c) 22

2. The national language of India is _________.

a) English         b) Tamil           c) Hindi

Ans : c) Hindi

3. In India, the states are divided on the basis of ___________.

a) language      b) literature      c) heritage

Ans : a) language

4. The national integration Day is observed on __________.

a) 14th Nov      b) 19th Nov      c) 1st Nov

Ans : b) 19th Nov

5. Who among the following settled in India during the early days.

a) The Greeks b) The Aryans c) The persions

Ans : b) The Aryans

6. Jains celebrate _____________.

a) Mahavir Jayanthi     b) Krishna Jayanthi      c) Bakrid

Ans : Mahavir Jayanthi

7. Valmiki wrote ________________ in sanskrit

a) Mahabharata                        b) Shakunthala                         c) Ramayana

Ans : C) Ramayana

8. In India almost about __________ languages are spoken

a) 645              b) 745              c) 845

Ans : c) 845

9. Arunachaleswara temple is at

a) Madurai       b) Thiruvannamalai     c) Tanjore

Ans : b) Thiruvannamalai

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. India is also known as ____________.

Ans : Bharat.

2. Cave Temples are at _____________.

Ans : Mamallapuram.

3. Social structure of India is based upon ___________.

Ans : Caste.

4. The Buddhish celebrate _____________.

Ans ; Buddha poornima.

5. ___________ has been declared as an official link language.

Ans : English

6. India is a treasure house of _______________.

Ans : literature

7. Painting at ___________ and ____________ ae world famous.

Ans : Ajantha and Elora

8. All Indians celebrate the ____________

Ans : New year day

9. The ____________ and ____________ of music originated in India.

Ans : Carnatic style, Hindustani Style

III. Match the following:

1. Kalidasa  (a) The Holy Book
2. The Bible  (b) Jain Temple
3. Mount Abu  (c) Amritsar
4. Golden Temple  (d) Megadoothan

Ans : 1-(d) 2-(a) 3-(b) 4-(c)

1. Kalidasa  a) Kanchipuram
2. Kuchipudi  b) Christians
3. Vaikunta Perumal  c) Dance
4. Cathedral  d) Shakunthala
5. Easter  e) Santhome

Ans : 1 – D, 2 – C, 3 – A, 4 – E, 5 – B

VI. Answer the following questions briefly:

1. Define culture?

(i) Culture is a product of corporate civil society.

(ii) Culture may also be defined as the activities of man individually and in Society.

2. Mention Some of the festivals of the Hindus?

Deepavali, Rama Navami, Krishna Jayanthi, Durga Pooja and Makara Sankaranthi (Pongal) are some of the festival of Hindus.

3. Name some temples in South India.

i) In South India, meenakshi temple at madurai, the Brihadeeswara the Kailasanathar temple and Vaikunta perumal temple at Kanchipuram are famous temple.

ii) The Arunachaleswara temple at Thiruvannamalai, Temple at vellore and Chidambaram, the cathedral at santhom are also famous ones.

4. Point out the factors affecting national integration.

i) Communication

ii) Linguism

iii) Casteism

iv) Economic disparity

V. Detail:

1. Detail is a land of “Unity in Diversity” explain.

Language

i) In India almost about 845 languages are spoken now of these 22 are constitutionally recognized languages.

ii) Hindi has been chosen as the National language.

iii) English has been declared as an official link language.

Literature

i) India is a treasure house of literature.

ii) The Vedas, Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the Bhagavad Gita, the Bible, Quran, Thirukkural are familiar with all Indians.

iii) In Tamil, the eight Anthalogies, the Ten Idylls, Eighteen Didactis (18), Aimperum

kappiyangal, the Periyapuranam nalavenba, Kalingathuparani, Thevaram and

naalayira Divya Prabandam describe historical events and also enrich the language.

Festivals:

i) Hindu festivals like Deepavali, Krishna jayanthi, Durga pooja (Navarathiri) Pongal etc.,

ii) Muslim celebrate Bakrid and Ramzan.

iii) Christians celebrate easter and Christmas.

Customs, Habits and Heritage

i) The Indian heritage advocates hospitality, Charity, brotherhood, love, dharma, tolerance, peace, Spiritual feelings and respect for elders.

ii) All the good habits help the Indians to line in Unity.

Food and Dress

i) In South India people eat rice, where as in North India people prefer wheat and dhal.

ii) The climatic condition of India differ from place to place.

Music and Dance

i) The Carnatic style and Hindustani style of music originated India.

ii) Bharathanatyam, Kuchipudi, kathak, Manipuri and oddissi are some of the famous dances in India.

Unity in Diversity

i) The Indian people are different in their food habits, dress, caste, creed, religion and language.

ii) They also line under different environment.

iii) Inspite of all these differences they are called by one name as “Indians”.

2. Explain the factors that load to National Integration.

i) In spite of many diversities we are called Indians.

ii) Everyone feels that he / she is an Indian first, it promotes our National Integration.

There are other factors, which promote our National Integration.

They are

i) India’s geographical feature and its defence, cultural heritage and cultural unity and religions tolerance promote National Integration.

ii) Our National symbols, National Flag and National Anthem the principles of

Democracy, Sovereignty, Secularism and Socialism promote National Integration.

iii) The observance of National Integration Day on 19th November every year strengthens the idea of national Integration.

8th Civics

ROAD SAFETY RULES AND REGULATION

I. Choose the correct answer

1. The ruler of road regulations came into effect from

a) 1989            b) 1990            c) 1998

2) Pedestrians can cross the road

a) anywhere     b) near the signals c) at zebra crossing

3) Every year, first week of is celebrated as Road safety week

a) December    b) January       c) March

4) For emergency call __________ for ambulance service

a) 108              b) 100              c) 106

II. Fill in the blanks

1. Drivers should drive their vehicles on the left side of the road.

2. Road safety cell was set up in September 1986.

3. The traffic light Red color indicates stop.

4. Read signals are classified into __________ types.

1. Accidents occur due to personal factors and environmental fields.

2. Driver should avoid the sound in Silence zones.

3. National road safety policies are prepared by the ministry of surface transport.

4. Persons below 18 years of age should not be permitted to drive vehicles.

5. Annually 1.1 lakhs people die in road accidents in India.

III. Match the following

1. Orange  Footpath
2. Pedestrians  Telephone
3. Information sign  Traffic police
4. Hand signal  Get ready

IV. Answer the following

1. Mention the importance of Road safety.

i) Safety is more important in everyone’s life.

ii) So knowledge about road rules and safety methods are more important for everyone.

2. Draw and explain the traffic lights.

A traffic light, traffic signal or a stop light is a signaling device positioned at a road intersection to indicate when it is safe to cross through. The traffic signals pass on its information using a universal colour.

3. Write few road safety rules.

i) Don’t use the mobile while driving.

ii) Use seat belt while driving

iii) Don’t drink and drive

iv) Always adhere to speed limit

v) Pedestrians should walk continuously.

4. Name the documents that a person driving a vehicle should possess.

A person driving a vehicle should carry with him the driving license, certificate of registration, certification of taxation and certification of Insurance of the vehicle.

II. Answer the following detail

1. Explain the Importance road safety rules.

i) Drivers should drive their vehicles on the left side of the road.

ii) Overtaking may be avoiding as far as possible.

Causing at road Junction

i) The driver of a motor vehicle should slow down when approaching a road intersection, Pedestrian crossing or a road corner.

ii) Fire service vehicles and ambulances must be given free passage.

Taking “U” Turn

i) No driver shall take a “U” turn is prohibited. The “U” turn facility can be availed only on the allowed turnings.

ii) Direction indicator should be used while taking a “U” turn.

Other Signals

a) Signals to be given by drivers appropriately, as when he is about to slow down.

b) When is about to turn to the right or left.

c) When he is about to stop

One way Traffic

i) Drivers should not drive on road declared as “One way”. Drive one channelized road (lane traffic)

ii) Where roads are marked as lenses for movement, the drivers should drive with in the lane and change of the lane only the after giving proper signals.

Silence zones

i) Drivers of the vehicles should not use the sound of the horn needlessness or continuously or more than necessary to ensure safety.

ii) Drivers should avoid sound of the horn in the silence zones.

7th Civics

LEGISLATIONS AND WELFARE SCHEMES FOR WOMAN AND CHILDREN

I. Choose the correct answers:

1. The children are the future pillars of our nation.

2. The Article 39 in the constitution provides facilities for children to develop in a healthy manner.

3. The Government of India introduced the right to education on 1st April 2010.

4. The 72nd and 73rd Amendment Acts have provided 33% reservation of seats for women in the local bodies.

5. Swayam singh deals with the socio economic development and empowerment of woman through self-help group.

II. Fill in the blanks:-

1. The Juvenile injustice act was amended in the year 2000.

2. The child line service aims at helping children during times of differenties and emergency.

3. The child marriage restrait act of 1978 has increased the age of marriage to irls from 15 to 18 years.

4. Tamilnadu legislature passed the prohibition of Eve-teasing law in 1997.

5. The family counseling centres were started to give counseling for the victims facing social problems.

III Match:-

1. Article 45 —- free and compulsory education.

2. ICDS scheme —- to reduce rate of mortality

3. Children’s day —– 14th November

4. Dowry prohibition — 1961

5. Short stay home —- rehabilitions of girls.

IV Answer the following:-

1. What does article no 24 deal with?

Article 24 is a fundamental right. It deals with the right against exploitation and prohibition of child labour.

2. Name a few acts passed for the welfare of children.

Article 39(f) provides facilities for the children to develop in a healthy manner, provides for proper care for child and youth, and provides protection against exploitation. Article 45 provides for free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14 years.

3. Which group of children are given due recognition by our government on the republic day?

v The national child Award for exceptional achievement was instituted in 1996 to honor such children.

v Children between the age group of 4and 15 years are honoured with meritorious award on Republic day every year.

4.How do Article 23 help women?

v Article 23 prohibits trade of woman like commodities.

v Forced labour is made as an offence.

v Human trafficking is made illegal.

v Woman is assumed the right against exploitation.

5. What does Dowry prohibition act law?

v The dowry prohibition act of 1961 bans the custom of giving and receiving dowry.

v The dowry prohibition amendment act of 1986 provides drastic punishments for those ill-treating women in connection with dowry.

V. Detail:-

1. What are the schemes and programmes undertaken for the upliftment of child?

v Integrated child development services (ICDS) scheme (1975) has the following objectives.

v To improve the health of children pregnant woman and feeding mother.

v To reduce the rate of mortality and malnutrition and school dropout.

v Rajiv Gandhi National scheme for children of working mothers provides service to child of working by opening crèches.

v An integrated programme for street children provides facilities like shelter, nutrition, healthcare, education and leisure facilities.

v It protects them from abuse and exploitation.

v Childline services aims of difficulties and emergencies. They also concentrate on childcare and protection.

v Integrated child protection scheme provides institutional as well as non institutional support for children.

2. Give a detailed account of the economic empowerment schemes for women.

v Many schemes and program have been formulated to protect educate and uplift women in India.

v This programme was started in the year 1996 to provide employment for women in handloom, handicrafts, khadi and village industries.

v The scheme was for the socio-economic development and empowerment of women through self help group, etc.

v These homes help to rehabilitate girls and women facing social, economic and emotional problems.

v These centers give counseling to the victims facing social atrocities and family mal-adjustment.

v Girls in the age group of 15 years and above who fail to complete their schooling due to various reasons are given education and training in relevant skills.

v These courses create job-opportunities for them and facilities their empowerment