Jainism

Jainism founded by Rishabha.
· There were 24 Tirthankaras (Prophets or Gurus), all Kshatriyas. First was Rishabhnath (Emblem: Bull).
· The 23rd Tirthankar Parshwanath (Emblem: Snake) was the son of King Ashvasena of Banaras.
· The 24th and the last Tirthankar was Vardhman Mahavira (Emblem: Lion). He was born in kundagram (Distt Muzaffarpur, Bihar) in 599 BC.
· His father Siddhartha was the head of Jnatrika clan.
· His mother was Trishla, sister of Lichchavi Prince Chetak of Vaishali.
· Mahavira was related to Bimbisara.
· Married to Yashoda, had a daughter named Priyadarsena, whose husband Jamali became his first disciple.
· At 30, after the death of his parents, he became an ascetic.
· In the 13th year of his asceticism (on the 10th of Vaishakha), outside the town of Jrimbhikgrama, he attained supreme knowledge (kaivalya).
· From now on he was called Jaina or Jitendriya and Mahavira, and his followers were named Jains. He also got the title of Arihant, i.e., worthy.
· At the age of 72, he attained death at Pava, near Patna, in 527 BC.
· Mahavira preached almost the same message as Parshvanath and added one more, Brahmcharya (celibacy) to it.

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