THE GREAT REVOLT OF 1857

I. Choose the correct answer

1. The Great Revolt of 1857 took place during the period of Lord________.

a) Bentinck      b) Dalhousie    c) canning

Ans : c) Canning

2. The Sepoy mutiny first broke out in ______________

a) Barrakpore   b) Delhi           c) Kanpur

Ans : a) Barrackpore

3. ____________ was the first soldier who refused to use the greased cartridge

a) Mangal Pandey        b) Nana Shahib            c) Bahadur Shah

Ans : a) Mangal Pandey

4. The main political cause for the Great Revolt of 1857 was __________

a) Heavy taxes             b) Dual government     c) Doctrine of Lapse

Ans : c) Doctrine of Lapse

5. The English historians call the revolt of 1857 as ____________

a) The Great revolt       b) Freedom struggle c) Sepoy mutiny

Ans : C) Sepoy mutiny

6. The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by _____________

a) Wellesley     b) Dalhousie    c) Hastings

Ans : b) Dalhousie

7. Mangal Pandy was a ____________

a) Brahmin sepoy b) British General c) Historian

Ans : a) Brahmin sepoy

8. The revolt at Lucknow was led by ___________

a) Hazarat Mahal         b) Nana Sahib c) Rani Lakshmi Bai

Ans : a) Hazarat Mahal

II. Fill in the blanks

1. ____________ was a culmination of the accumulated of the Indian people against the

British rule.

Ans : Great Revolt of 1857

2. The Great Revolt of 1857 is also known as ___________

Ans : The first war of Indian Independence

3. The immediate cause of the revolt of 1857 was the introduction of __________.

Ans : Greased cartridges.

4. The English troops under Sir John Nicholson captured ____________.

Ans : Delhi

1. The subsidiary Alliance system was introduced by ___________.

Ans : Lord Wellesley

2. The General service Enlistment Act was passed in ___________.

Ans : 1856

3. After the Great Revolt of 1857 the Governor General of India was called ___________.

Ans : Viceroy.

III. Match the following

1. Mangal Pandey  a) Central India
2. Tantia Tope  b) Barrackpore
3. Lord Canning  c) Commander of Nana Sahib’s forces
4. Rani Lakshmi Bai  d) The first viceroy of India

Ans : 1 – B, 2 – C, 3 – D, 4 – D

V. Give short answers

1. Why was Mangal Pandey changed by the British?

i) Mangal Pandy was a Brahmin sepoy.

ii) He was the first soldier to protest against the greased cartridges.

iii) He refused to use the cartridges and shot his officer dead.

iv) So he was arrested and hanged by the British.

2. Write a short note on the Great Revolt of 1857.

i) The revolt of 1857 was not sudden occurrence.

ii) It was a culmination of the accumulated grievances against the British.

iii) People from all sections of the society joined to revolt.

3. Write a short note on Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi.

i) The revolt central India was led by Rani lakshmi Bai of Jhansi.

ii) When the English forces laid a size to the fort of Jhansi Lakshmi fought bravely. But she could not defend the fort.

V. Answer in detatil

1. Analyze the various causes for the Great Revolt of 1857.

Political causes:

i) The British policies of created suspicion in the minds of the Indians.

ii) Lord Wellesley’s subsidiary Alliance and Lord Dalhousie Doctrine of Lapse made the Indian rulers the deadly enemies of the English.

Economic causes

i) Under the British rule, the economic condition of the people had deteriorated.

ii) All trade and commerce of the country went into the hands of the English.

Social and religious causes

i) The introduction of railways, telegraphs and western education created suspicion in the minds of the people.

ii) The missionaries converted Hindus to Christianity.

Military causes

i) The Indian sepoy’s had many grievances against the British.

ii) They asked for better pay and good treatment Act based in 1856.

iii) In order to make the sepoy’s look smarter, they were asked to trim their moustaches and beards.

Immediate case

i) The immediate cause of the revolt of 1857 was the introduction of greased cartridges in the new Enfield Rifles.

ii) These cartridge’s had to be bitten by the sepoy’s in order to fit them in the new rifles.

iii) There was a rumour that these cartridges were greased with the fat of the cow and pig.

2. What were they causes for the failure of the Great Revolt of 1857?

i) There was no Unity among the Indians.

ii) The ideals of nationalism and Unity was not developed among the Indian masses.

iii) The revolt was not widespread all over the country.

3. Discuss the results of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Queen Victoria’s Proclamation.

i) The revolt of 1857 put an end to the rule of the English East India company.

ii) The administration of India was taken ones by the British crown.

iii) Queen Victoria’s Proclamation was issued on November-1 1858.

iv) The Board of control and the court of Directors were abolished and the office of the secretary of the state for Indian affairs was established.

v) The Governor General of India now came to be called as viceroy of India.

vi) The Indian army was thoroughly re-organized.

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