BHAKTHI AND SUFI MOVEMENT

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. The Bhakthi movement spread during the ————

Medieval period in India.

2. Shankaracharya was born at ———–

Kaladi.

3. Gurunanak was the founder of ————-

Sikkkism.

4. Sufism originated in ————-

Persia.

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. Sankaracharys preached Advaita philosophy.

2. Ramanuja, an exponent of the Bhakthi movement was born at Sriperumbadur near Chennai.

3. Basa va was the founder of virasaivism.

4. Gnanadeva wrote a commentary on Bhagavat Gita called Gnaneshwani.

5. Kandhuri was festival is celebrated at Nagore Dargah.

III Match the following:

1. Nayanmars —- saivites

2. Manikavasagar —– Thiruvasagam

3. Alwars —– Vaishnavites

4. Mirabai —– Devotee of Krishna

5. Chokamela —- Dalit writer

IV. Answer the following:

1. What were the main objectives of the Bhakthi movements?

The main objectives of Bhakthi movement were reform the Hindu Religion and foster friendly

relations between the friendly relations between the Hindu and Muslim community.

2. What was the impact of the bhakthi cult in South India?

Saivism and vaishnavism revived and gained reat impetus through the Bhakthi cult during the

Pallava, chola and Pandya period by the Nayanmars and the Alwars.

3. Write a short note on Kabir.

Kabir a follower of Ramananda was the first to preach Hindu-Muslim unity.

His followers are called kapirparthis.

His teachings have been called Bijaka.

4. Name the Marata saints of the Bhakthi movement?

The Maratha region produced a number of Bhakthi saints namely

v Gnana Deva,

v Nam Deva,

v Sbnath,

v Tukaram,

v Tulsidas and

v Ramdas.

5. What did the Sufists insists?

Sufism instisted that God could be reached only through meditation, love and devotion.

They opposed rituals and were tolerant towards other religions.

V. Detail:

1. Give a detailed account of the exponents of the Bhakthi movement in India.

Ramanuja:-

v He was a great exponent of the Bhakthi movement, was born at Sriperumbudur.

v He was a real Vaishnavite leader of the 12th entury AD.

v He taught that Salvation lies only in devotion to God.

v He was the follower of Ramanuja.

v He saw humanity as one family and all men as brothers

Vallabharya.

v He was a devotee of Krishna Basava.

v He was the founder of virasaivism.

Chaitanya:

v He was born in Benal in 1485 AD.

v He propagated Krishna cult kabir.

v He was a follower of Ramananda was the first to preach Hindu-muslim community.

v His followers called kabirpanthis.

Gurunanak:

v He was another well-known saint of the Bhakti movement was the founder of sikkism.

v He preached unity of God, goodwill and co-operation among Hindus and Muslims.

Mirabai:

v She was a devotee of lord Krishna. She was very popular in Rajasthan for her Bhajans.

2. Write in detail about the sufi movement in India.

Sufi movement:

v Sufi movement originated in Persia.

v It became popular in India in the 12th century AD.

v They regarded prophet Mohamed as a perfect human being.

v Sufism insisted that God could be reached only through meditation love and devotion.

v They opposed rituals and were tolerant towards other religions.

Important Sufi saints of India:-

Khwaja Muin-ud-din chisti:

v He preached that the greatest form of devotion to God was through service humanity.

v He was popularly known as Gharib Nawaz or protector of the poor.

Baba farid:

v He was a discipline of Khwaja muin-ud-din-chisti.

v He preached the unity of God and brotherhood.

v He encouraged people to live a simple life.

v He was against class and caste distinctions.

Saint Nagore Andavar:

v He belonged to the 16th century.

v He was popularly called Meeran sahib.

The shrine at Nagore is dedicated to him.

3. What was the impact of the Bhakthi and sufi movement?

v The Bhakthi and sufi movements tried to end the exploitation of the masses by the priestly class.

v They created awareness about the evils of superstitious beliefs.

v They belived that through love and devotion one can realize that personal presence of God.

v The sufi saints taught that there is one God and all human beings are his children.

v Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, Telugu, Kannada and Tamil literature were enriched by the Bhakti and Sufi saints.

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