Role of Tamil Nadu in the Freedom Movement

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Indian soldiers were instigated by the sons of Tipu Sultan

2. The first organization in the Madras Presidency to agitate for the rights of people was the Madras Native Association

3. The first President of the Madras Mahajana Sabha was P. Rangiah Naidu

4. At Vedaranyam the Salt law was broken by Rajagopalachari

5. In 1908 Bharathiar organized a huge public meeting to celebrate Swaraj Day

6. Faced with the prospectus of arrest by the British, Bharathi escaped to Pondicherry

7. The Headquarters of the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee is named as Sathyamurthi Bhavan

8. In 1940, Kamaraj went to Wardha to meet Gandhiji

9. Kamaraj served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for 9 years

10. Kamaraj was famous for policy “K” plan

II. Match the following:

1. Swadeshi Exhibition  Madras Mahajana Sabha
2. Chanakya  Rajaji
3. King maker  Kamaraj
4. Sathyamurthi  Poondi Reservoir
5. FatehHyder  Vellore Mutiny

III. Answer the following brief:

1. Write a brief note on Vellore Mutiny

Vellore Mutiny

  • The British administration prohibited the Hindu soldiers from smearing religious marks and Muslims to shave their beard moustache.
  • This created a strong resentment among the soldiers and to revolt against the British.
  • It was on July 9, 1806 one of Tipu Sultan’s daughter wedding in Vellore. The soldiers surrounded the fort and killed most the Europeans and unfurled the flag of Tipu over the fort.
  • The British crushed the revolt.

2. What do you know about Thiruppur Kumaran?

Thiruppur Kumaran

  • TiruppurKumaran (1904-1932) was born in Cheenimalai, Erode District in Tamil Nadu.
  • He participated in the march against the ban of the national flag.
  • He died from a police assault.
  • Kumaran died holding the flag of the Indian Nationalists.
  • Famously known as kodikathakumaran

3. Write a note about Subramania Siva.

Subramania Siva

  • Subramania Siva was born in Vathalagundu in Dindugul district.
  • He was freedom fighter and a creative writer.
  • He was arrested many times between 1908 and 1922.
  • He was affected by leprosy.
  • British Government enacted a law stating that leprosy patient should not travel by rail.
  • Subramania Siva travelled the whole length of Madras province on foot covered with sores.
  • He died of the disease on 23rd July 1925.

4. Give an account on Vanchinathan’s role in the struggle for freedom.

Vanchinathan’s role in the struggle for freedom

  • Vanchinathan was under the service of the State of Travancore. The activities of the extremists greatly alarmed the British.
  • The collector Ashe, shot down and killed four persons in Thirunelveli.
  • He wanted to take revenge against the Collector.
  • He secretly went to Maniyachi Railway Station and shot dead Ashe on 17th June 1911, and he himself committed suicide.

5. Name the papers edited by Subramaniya Bharathiar in 1907.

The papers edited by Subramaniya Bharathiar in 1907

The Tamil weekly “India”.

The English newspaper “Bala Bharatham”.

6. Mention some of the poems of Subramania Bharathiar.

The poems of Subramania Bharathiar

“Vande Matharam”

“Enthaiyumthayum”

“Jaya Bharatham”.

7. What was Sathyamurthi’s Service as a Mayor

Sathyamurthi’s Service as a Mayor

  • When Sathyamurthi became, the Mayor of Madras in 1939, the city was in the grip of an acute water scarcity and it was left to him impress upon the British Governor for building Reservoir in Poondi about 50kms west of the city.
  • Kamaraj named it as Satyamurthi Sahar.
  • Congress head office named as Sathyamoorthy Bavan

8. Write a note on the welfare measures taken by Kamaraj.

Kamaraj introduced various welfare measures like

  • Opening of new schools,
  • Free education
  • Mid-day meals scheme,
  • Construction of dams and canals to improve agriculture and
  • Launching of new industries in Tamil Nadu.

9. why was Kamaraj called as ”King Maker”?

  • He played a significant role in the National Politics also.
  • He was called as “King Maker”, as he made Lal Bahadur Sashtri as the Prime Minister of India in 1964 and Mrs. Indira Gandhi in 1966 after the death of Sastri.
  • Kamaraj was famous for his policy known as “K” Plan.

IV. Answer all the questions given under each caption:

1. C. RAJAGOPALACHARIYAR

[a] When and where was he born?

December 10th 1878 at Thovarappalli.

[b] Why did he resign his Chief Ministership in 1939?

He resigned his Chief Ministership in 1939 in protest against the use of Indian men and materials in the Second World War by the British Government without their concern.

[c] What did he introduce during his second term?

Kula KalviThittam.

[d] Why was he often referred as “Chanakya”?

For his diplomatic skills.

2. K. KAMARAJ

[a] How did he enter into politics?

Taking part in VaikamSathyagraha in 1924.

[b] Where was he kept in prison in 1930?

Alipore Jail.

[c] Where did he hoist the Indian National flag in 1947?

He hoisted the Indian National flag in Sathyamoorthy”s house in 1947.

[d] When did he die?

He died on October 2nd 1975.

V. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Explain the contribution of Madras Mahajana Sabha.

Madras Mahajan Sabha

  • The first organization was the Madras Native Association. It was established by Harley, Lakshminarasu Chety and Srinivasa Pillai in 1852.
  • It merged with the Madras Mahajana Sabaha established by S. Ramaswami Mudhaliar, P. Anandacharlu and R. Rangaiya Naidu.
  • D. Rangaiah Naidu was elected first President of the Sabha.
  • Madras Mahajana Sabha paved the way for our national freedom.
  • The sabaha voiced out the fundamental rights of our countrymen.
  • The Sabha organized the Salt Satyagraha movement on April 22nd in Madras at beach, fort, splanade etc.
  • The members were attacked as the Sabha insisted on a legal enquiry under the leadership of Justice.

T. R. Ramachandra Iyer. 

  • A three-man commission enquired thirty people and submitted its report to the government.
  • Mahajana Sabha conducted exhibitions to instigate the patriotic feelings in the hearts our countrymen as Khadi Exhibition and Swadeshi Exhibition.
  • Mahatma Gandhiji had delivered a speech in the meeting of Mahajana Sabha on October 24th 1896 at golden jubilee.

2. Bharathiar is a freedom fighter – prove.

Subramaniya Bharathiyar:-

  • Subramaniya Bharathi was born on December 11, 1882 at Ettayapuram in Tirunelveli District. He worked as Tamil Teacher in 1904 at Madurai.
  • He became the assistant editor of the Swadeshimitran
  • He published Tamil weekly “India” and The English newspaper “BalaBharatham”.
  • In 1908, he organized a “Swaraj Day”.
  • His poems “Vandematharam”, “Enthaiyumthayum”, “Jaya Bharatham”.
  • In 1908, he gave evidence in the case of “KappalotiyaThamizhan”, against British.
  • Bharathi escaped to Pondicherry under the French rule, and was arrested and released after three weeks in custody in November 1918.
  • Those were the years of hardship and poverty. Again he joined as the chief editor in the swadeshi mithran
  • He passed away on September 11, 1921.

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