SOCIO – ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

I. Choose the correct answer:-

1. National education policy was introduced in _______________.

a) 1968            b) 1986            c) 1996

Ans : a) 1968

2. The first Five year plan was ____________ oriented

a) Industry       b) Technology   c) Agriculture

Ans : c) Agriculture

3. World Literary Day is celebrated on ____________.

a) 8th September b) 2nd October  c) 15th July

Ans : a) 8th September

4. ____________ was abolished by the Act of 1829.

a) Infanticide   b) Child marriage   c) Sati

Ans : c) Sati

5. The National Literary Mission game importance to ___________.

a) Primary education b) Adult education c)Vocational Education

Ans : a) Primary Education

6. The child Labour policy was formulated in the year ___________.

a) 1951            b) 1987            c) 1995

Ans : b) 1987

7. The India supports ___________ percent of the world population

a) 10.48           b) 26.13           c) 16.84

Ans : c) 16.84

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. University education commission stressed the use ____________ as the medium of

Ans : instruction.

Ans : Mother tongue.

2. _____________ declared the year 1990 as the international Literacy year.

Ans : UNO

3. The Child Labour Act 1986 bans the employment of a child in ___________ and

__________.

Ans : Factories, mines

4. Widow Remarriage Act was enacted in _____________.

Ans : 1856

III. Match the following:

1. Sarada Act  a) 1992
2. Equal Remuneration  b) 1976
3. Black board operation  c) Mrs. Indira Gandhi
4. 20 Point programme  d) 1930

Ans : 1 – D, 2 – B, 3 – A, 4 – C.

1. M.L.L  a) 1951
2. Dowry prohibition Act  b) 1961
3. Plantation Labour Act  c) 1991
4. Abolition of bonded labour  d) 1990
5. International Literary year  e) 1976

Ans : 1 – C, 2 – B, 3 – A, 4 – C, 5 – D

VI. Answer the following questions:

1. What is Illiteracy?

i) Illiteracy means the inability to read and write.

ii) Illiteracy leads to ignorance

iii) Illiteracy is a hurdle in the progress and prosperity of a nation.

2. Mention some of the measures taken by the Government to improve the status of the women.

i) Practice of Sati was abolished by the Act of 1829.

ii) The widow Re-marriage Act was passed in 1856.

iii) Child marriage was banned by the Sarada Act in 1929 thanks to the efforts of Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddy.

iv) The Hindu succession Act of 1956, provides the daughters equal rights to share the property of the parents.

v) The Dowry prohibition Act was passed in 1961. It declared demanding dowry is punishable.

3. Define “Poverty”

i) Poverty has been defined in a number of ways. The world Bank (1990) has defined

poverty as “the unability to attain a minimal standard of loving”.

ii) Poverty is a social problem in which a section of the society is un able to fulfill

their basic needs like, food, clothing and shelter.

4. What are he measures undertaking by own Government to solve the Problem of

Unemployment?

i) In 1980 the National Rural employment programme (NREP) was introduced.

ii) It generated more jobs to the people.

V. Detail:

1. Explain the Social problem that our country has been facing, since independence.

Illiteracy, Child labour and injustice to women are the important social problems that our country is facing.

Illiteracy:

i) Illiteracy means the inability to read and write.

ii) Illiteracy leads to ignorance.

iii) It leads to Socio economic development of a country.

Child Labour:

i) In India Child labour is a social problem.

ii) Labourers below the age of 14 are called child labourers.

iii) Child labour is the result of Poverty, malnutrition and illiteracy.

Injustice against women:

i) Women are not treated equally on par with men in our society.

ii) Male chaurinism, Practice of Sati, widow whood, female infancticide, dowry

system and denial of education are some of the injustices to women.

2. What are the causes for population explosion? Explain the steps taken by the government to overcome it.

Causes for population

i) High birth rate and low death rate.

ii) Low death rate of due to advancement of medical science and technology.

iii) Epidemic diseases have been eradicated.

iv) The infant mortality rate has decline.

v) Desire to have a male child.

Steps taken to control population growth:

i) Family planning

ii) Increase in female literacy rate and education.

iii) Legal steps to check early marriages and polygamy etc.,

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