LEGISLATIONS AND WELFARE SCHEMES FOR WOMAN AND CHILDREN

I. Choose the correct answers:

1. The children are the future pillars of our nation.

2. The Article 39 in the constitution provides facilities for children to develop in a healthy manner.

3. The Government of India introduced the right to education on 1st April 2010.

4. The 72nd and 73rd Amendment Acts have provided 33% reservation of seats for women in the local bodies.

5. Swayam singh deals with the socio economic development and empowerment of woman through self-help group.

II. Fill in the blanks:-

1. The Juvenile injustice act was amended in the year 2000.

2. The child line service aims at helping children during times of differenties and emergency.

3. The child marriage restrait act of 1978 has increased the age of marriage to irls from 15 to 18 years.

4. Tamilnadu legislature passed the prohibition of Eve-teasing law in 1997.

5. The family counseling centres were started to give counseling for the victims facing social problems.

III Match:-

1. Article 45 —- free and compulsory education.

2. ICDS scheme —- to reduce rate of mortality

3. Children’s day —– 14th November

4. Dowry prohibition — 1961

5. Short stay home —- rehabilitions of girls.

IV Answer the following:-

1. What does article no 24 deal with?

Article 24 is a fundamental right. It deals with the right against exploitation and prohibition of child labour.

2. Name a few acts passed for the welfare of children.

Article 39(f) provides facilities for the children to develop in a healthy manner, provides for proper care for child and youth, and provides protection against exploitation. Article 45 provides for free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14 years.

3. Which group of children are given due recognition by our government on the republic day?

v The national child Award for exceptional achievement was instituted in 1996 to honor such children.

v Children between the age group of 4and 15 years are honoured with meritorious award on Republic day every year.

4.How do Article 23 help women?

v Article 23 prohibits trade of woman like commodities.

v Forced labour is made as an offence.

v Human trafficking is made illegal.

v Woman is assumed the right against exploitation.

5. What does Dowry prohibition act law?

v The dowry prohibition act of 1961 bans the custom of giving and receiving dowry.

v The dowry prohibition amendment act of 1986 provides drastic punishments for those ill-treating women in connection with dowry.

V. Detail:-

1. What are the schemes and programmes undertaken for the upliftment of child?

v Integrated child development services (ICDS) scheme (1975) has the following objectives.

v To improve the health of children pregnant woman and feeding mother.

v To reduce the rate of mortality and malnutrition and school dropout.

v Rajiv Gandhi National scheme for children of working mothers provides service to child of working by opening crèches.

v An integrated programme for street children provides facilities like shelter, nutrition, healthcare, education and leisure facilities.

v It protects them from abuse and exploitation.

v Childline services aims of difficulties and emergencies. They also concentrate on childcare and protection.

v Integrated child protection scheme provides institutional as well as non institutional support for children.

2. Give a detailed account of the economic empowerment schemes for women.

v Many schemes and program have been formulated to protect educate and uplift women in India.

v This programme was started in the year 1996 to provide employment for women in handloom, handicrafts, khadi and village industries.

v The scheme was for the socio-economic development and empowerment of women through self help group, etc.

v These homes help to rehabilitate girls and women facing social, economic and emotional problems.

v These centers give counseling to the victims facing social atrocities and family mal-adjustment.

v Girls in the age group of 15 years and above who fail to complete their schooling due to various reasons are given education and training in relevant skills.

v These courses create job-opportunities for them and facilities their empowerment

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