8th History


I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Lord Amherst was succeeded by ___________ as Governor general of India.

a) William Bentinck     b) Lord Hastings          c) Lord curson

Ans : a) William Bentinck

2. Lord William Bentinck is famous for his__________________.

a) English                     b) Persian                     c) reforms

Ans : d) reforms

3. The use of ___________ as court language was abolished _________.

a) English                       b) Persian                    c) Sanskrit

Ans : b) Persian

4. Human sacrifice was practiced by ________________

a) wild tribes of Orissa   b) Rajputs     c) people of central India

Ans : a) wild tribes of Orissa

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. The first Burmese war came to an end by the Treaty of ____________ in 1826.

Ans : Yandaboo

2. _________________ is considered to be one of the greatest Governor General of India.

Ans : Lord William Bentinck.

3. _____________ was made the first law member in the executive council of the Governor General.

Ans : Lord Macaulay

4. The evil practice that prevailed in the Indian society was ___________.

Ans : Sati

5. The first Burmese war broke out in the year _____________.

Ans : 1824

6. The first Burmese war broke out during the period of Lord_________.

Ans : Amherst

7. At the end of the first Burmese war the English got ___________ got ______________.

Ans : Arakan, Tenasserim

8. The Thugs problem prevailed in ______________.

Ans : Central India

III. Match the following:

1. Abolition of Sati  a) English education
2. Major Sleeman  b) 1829
3. Raja Ram Mohan Rai  c) Suppression of Thugs
4. Lord Macaulay  d) Social reformer

Ans : 1 – B, 2 – C, 3 – D, 4 – A

IV. Answer in word:

1. When did Bentinck became the Governor General of India?

Ans : 1828

2. Where was the Elphinstan college established?

Ans : Bombay

3. Who reduced the bhatta of military officers?

Ans : William Bentinck

V. Answer the following

1. What do you know about the first Burmese war?

i) During the period of Lord Amhest the Burmese tried to capture Assam.

ii) So, in 1824 Lord Amhest declared war on Burma. This war was called the first Burmese war.

iii) In the war the English defeated the Burmese.

2. What were the reforms of Lord Bentinck?

i) Lord Bentinck wanted to improve the finance of the East India company.

ii) So he reduced the Salaries of Civil servants.

iii) He appointed the several Indians on low salaries.

iv) He regulated the Opium trade.

3. Mention the educational reforms of Lord William Bentinck.

i) Bentinck wanted to promote western education through the medium of English.

ii) As a result English became the medium of instruction in India.

iii) He opened a medical college at Calcutta.

iv) He established Elphinston college at Bombay.

4. What do you know about the administrative reforms of Lord William Bentinck?

i) Bentinck combined the office of the collector with that of the magistrate.

ii) He himself took charge of the commander in chief of the army and introduced several reforms.

iii) A new post of law member in the executive council of the Governor General was created.

VI. Detail:-

1. Give an account of the social reforms of Lord William Bentinck.

Lord Bentinck was famous for his reforms. His reforms may be classified under three headings.

i) Financial reforms                

ii) Administrative reforms

iii) Social reforms

Abolition of Sati

i) Sati was the most cruel practice among the Hindus.

ii) As per sati, a Hindu widow burnt herself alive on the funeral pyre of the deceased husband.

iii) At first, it was a voluntary act. It was prevalent mostly among the Rajputs.

iv) Anyone who forced a women to perform sati would be given capital punishment.

Abolition of Female infanticide

i) Another evil practice that existed among the tribes of Rajaputana and kathiawar was female infanticide.

ii) It was the practice of killing children at the time of their birth, mainly to avoid economic burden.

iii) So Bentinck abolished this evil practice and declared it a crime.

iv) Lord Bentinck declared that any person who practiced this barbarous act would be treated as a murderer.

Suppression of Thugs

i) The Thugs were gang of robbers who lived in central India.

ii) They used to loot and plunder

iii) They robbed the innocent travelers and put them to death.

iv) The things were caught in large numbers.


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