I. Choose the best answer:
1. The one who built fort Pataliputra
2. The book written by Megesthanese
3. Ashoka ascended the throne in
4. The place where the Third Buddhist Councils held
II. True or False:
1. Selucas Nikator was the ambassador of Megasthenese (True)
2. Mahapadmananda was the first king of Nanda dynasty (True)
3. Ashoka refused dharma Vijaya and accepted Dig Vijaya (False)
4. Ashoka was the first one to establish a welfare state for people (True)
5. Mahedra spread Buddhism at Ceylon (True)
III. Answer the following:
1. How did the Mahajapadas establish themselves?
· At the end of the Vedic period, the Janapadas fought with each other for the new fertile lands and mineral wealth.
· Ultimately the small Janapadas either defeated or joined themselves with the Mahajanapadas
· There were 16 powerful Mahajanapadas in north India during the period of Buddha
· The Magadha defeated others and became the most powerful Mahajanapadas.
2. To whom does the credit go in establishing the first empire in India? Explain
· The credit goes in establishing the first empire in India to Chandragupta Maurya.
· He revolted against the last Nanda king Dhana Nanda defeated him and took over the Magadha dynasty
· He defeated Selucas Nikator and annexed Afghanistan and Gandhara with his empire.
3. Ahoka was the one who established an Empire for the welfare of the People-Why?
· Ashoka constructed inns and hospitals for everyone irrespective of caste and creed.
· Medical assistance was given to cattle.
· Sacrifices were banned.
· The laws were altered on humanitarian basis.
· He appointed Dharma Mahamatras to help the people.
· So he was the first emperor who established the welfare state for people.
4. What are the causes for the change in Ashoka’s life?
· Ashoka waged a terrible war against Kalinga which was separated and annexed with the Mauryan empire.
· Ashoka was so upset and grief sticken at the sight of the war due to bloodshed.
· He took pledge that he would never wage a war again.
· This war was a turning point in his life.
· He gave up war and followed the policy of non-violence.
5. Explain the inscriptions used in the stone edicts of Ashoka.
· Ashoka’s royal proclamation and messages are inscribed on the walls of the caves, stone pillars and rocks that are kept all through his empire.
· Most of them are written in Prakrit, kharoshti in North western India. · These edicts depict Ashoka’s humanitarian love and non-violence.